Hair loss (बाल झड़ना), also known as alopecia (खालित्य) or baldness (गंजापन), refers to a loss of hair from part of the head or body. Typically at least the head is involved. The severity can vary from a small area to the entire body. Hair loss is a common problem, however, in some people causes psychological distress. Although it is being a common problem, Siddha Spirituality of Swami Hardas Life System considers that our readers to know everything about hair loss including symptoms, causes, diagnosis, management, various treatments, home remedies, and free Siddha energy remedies to solve the problem effectively, without money and medicines.
Hair loss Definition (बालों के झड़ने की परिभाषा)
It is the thinning of hair on the scalp. The medical term is alopecia. Alopecia can be temporary or permanent. The most common form occurs gradually and is referred to as “androgenetic alopecia,” meaning that a combination of hormones and heredity is needed to develop the condition. Hair loss normally occurs gradually with age in both men and women but is typically more pronounced in men.
Hair loss symptoms (बालों के झड़ने के लक्षण)
Symptoms include hair loss in patches usually in circular patterns, dandruff, skin lesions, and scarring. Alopecia areata usually shows in unusual hair loss areas, e.g. eyebrows, the backside of the head or above the ears, areas the male pattern baldness usually does not affect. In male-pattern loss and thinning of hair begin at the temples and the crown and either thins out or falls out.
Female-pattern hair loss occurs at the frontal and parietal.
People have between 100,000 and 150,000 hairs on their head. The number of strands normally lost in a day varies but on average is 100. In order to maintain a normal volume, hair must be replaced at the same rate at which it is lost.
Skin conditions (त्वचा की स्थिति)
A substantially blemished face, back, and limbs could point to cystic acne. The most severe form of the condition, cystic acne, arises from the same hormonal imbalances that cause hair loss. Seborrheic dermatitis, a condition in which an excessive amount of sebum is produced and builds upon the scalp, is also a symptom of hormonal imbalances, as is an excessively oily or dry scalp. Both can cause hair thinning.
Psychological stress (मनोवैज्ञानिक तनाव)
Hair thinning and baldness cause psychological stress due to their effect on appearance. Although societal interest in appearance has a long history, this particular branch of psychology came into its own during the 1960s and has gained momentum as messages associating physical attractiveness with success and happiness grow more prevalent.
Hair loss induced by cancer chemotherapy has been reported to cause changes in self-concept and body image. Body image does not return to the previous state after regrowth of hair for a majority of patients. In such cases, patients have difficulties expressing their feelings and may be more prone to avoiding family conflicts. Family therapy can help families to cope with these psychological problems if they arise.
Hair loss causes in Men and Women (पुरुषों और महिलाओं में बालों के झड़ने का कारण)
Although not completely understood, the loss can have many causes:
- Hereditary (अनुवांशिक)
- Hormonal (हार्मोन का)
- Medical (मेडिकल)
- Drug-related (मादक पदार्थों से संबंधित)
- Nutritional (पोषाहार)
Hereditary causes (अनुवांशिक कारण)
Heredity is an important influence on age of onset, rate, and degree of hair loss.
Hormonal causes (हार्मोनल कारण)
Hair loss is more common at times of hormonal changes such as during pregnancy, after childbirth, and with menopause. Even the onset of puberty can mark the beginning of some men. Other hormonal causes include polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and thyroid disease.
Polycystic ovary syndrome (पॉलीसिस्टिक अंडाशय सिंड्रोम)
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), which affects about 5–10% of women, can lead to female pattern hair loss.
Thyroid abnormalities (थायराइड असामान्यताएं)
Both hyper- and hypothyroidism, as well as autoimmune thyroid disease with normal levels of thyroid hormone, is associated with alopecia areata.
Medical causes (मेडिकल कारण)
Several medical conditions can cause hair loss:
- Some autoimmune diseases
- Tinea capitis, a fungal infection of the scalp, psoriasis, seborrhea, and allergic contact dermatitis
- Liver or kidney failure
- Inflammatory bowel disease
- Chronic infections such as HIV
- Severe physical or emotional trauma
- Heavy metal poisoning
Drug causes (औषध कारण)
Most drug-induced hair loss is reversible and is generally due to telogen effluvium or anagen effluvium. Many different medications have caused cases of hair loss, with only a few regularly causing this side effect. Cancer chemotherapy drugs, on the other hand, cause hair loss in most people who take them.
Radiation therapy is another potential cause in cancer patients. Some other drug categories that may cause hair loss include:
- Oral contraceptives
- Anti-thyroid medications
- Anti-seizure medications
- Mood stabilizers
- Antimicrobial and antiviral medications
Nutritional causes (पोषण संबंधी कारण)
Severe protein and essential fatty acid deficiencies; overall malnutrition and crash diets; and iron, zinc, biotin, and vitamin D deficiencies can cause hair loss.
Other contributing factors (अन्य योगदान कारक)
Unhealthy scalp and hair care practices can contribute to great loss. The following practices may help prevent unnecessary hair damage and loss:
- Tight hairstyles are to be avoided that put pressure on the scalp, such as tight braids, buns, and ponytails
- Twisting, rubbing, and pulling on the hair to be avoided, and comb hair gently with a wide-toothed comb
- Harsh hair treatments to be avoided like hot rollers, curling irons, hot oil treatments, and permanents
Hair loss Diagnosis (बालों के झड़ने का निदान)
Pull test (पुल परीक्षण)
The pull test helps to evaluate diffuse scalp hair loss. Gentle traction is exerted on a group of hairs (about 40–60) on three different areas of the scalp. The number of extracted hairs is counted and examined under a microscope. Normally, fewer than three hairs per area should come out with each pull. If more than ten hairs are obtained, the pull test is considered positive.
Pluck test (प्लक परीक्षण)
The pluck test is conducted by pulling hair out “by the roots”. The root of the plucked hair is examined under a microscope to determine the phase of growth and is used to diagnose a defect of telogen, anagen, or systemic disease. Telogen hairs have tiny bulbs without sheaths at their roots.
Scalp biopsy (स्कैल्प बायोप्सी)
Scalp biopsy is used when the diagnosis is unsure; a biopsy allows for differing between scarring and nonscarring forms. Hair samples are taken from areas of inflammation, usually around the border of the bald patch.
Hair counts (बाल गिनना)
Daily hair counts are normally done when the pull test is negative. It is done by counting the number of hairs lost. The hair from the first morning combing or during washing should be counted. The hair is collected in a clear plastic bag for 14 days. The strands are recorded.
The Trichoscopy is a noninvasive method of examining hair and scalp. It allows differential diagnosis of hair loss in most cases.
Hair loss Management (बालों के झड़ने का प्रबंधन)
Hiding hair loss (बालों का झड़ना छुपाना)
One method of hiding loss is the “comb-over”, which involves restyling the remaining hair to cover the balding area. It is usually a temporary solution, useful only while the area of loss is small. As the hair loss increases, a comb over becomes less effective.
Though not as common as the loss of hair on the head, chemotherapy, hormone imbalance, forms, and other factors can also cause loss of hair in the eyebrows. Loss of growth in the outer one-third of the eyebrow is often associated with hypothyroidism. Artificial eyebrows are available to replace missing eyebrows or to cover patchy eyebrows.
Hair loss treatment for Men and Women (पुरुषों और महिलाओं के लिए बालों के झड़ने उपचार)
Treatments for the various forms of hair loss have limited success. Three medications have evidence to support their use in the male pattern: minoxidil, finasteride, and dutasteride. They typically work better to prevent further loss, than to regrow lost hair:
- Minoxidil is a nonprescription medication approved for male pattern baldness and alopecia areata. In a liquid or foam, it is rubbed into the scalp twice a day.
- Some people have an allergic reaction to the propylene glycol in the minoxidil solution and a minoxidil foam was developed without propylene glycol. Not all users will regrow hair.
- Finasteride is used in male-pattern hair loss in a pill form, taken 1 milligram per day. It is not indicated for women and is not recommended in pregnant women. Treatment is effective starting within 6 weeks of treatment. Side effects in about 2% of males, include decreased sex drive, erectile dysfunction, and ejaculatory dysfunction. Treatment should be continued as long as positive results occur. Once treatment is stopped, hair loss resumes.
- Corticosteroids injections into the scalp can be used to treat alopecia areata.
- Immunosuppressants applied to the scalp have been shown to temporarily reverse alopecia areata, though the side effects of some of these drugs make such therapy questionable.
- There is some tentative evidence that anthralin may be useful for treating alopecia areata.
- Hormonal modulators can be used for female-pattern hair loss associated with hyperandrogenemia.
A surgeon will move healthy hair from the back and sides of the head to areas of thinning. Transplanted hair falls out within a few weeks, but regrows permanently within months.
Hair transplants, takes tiny plugs of skin, each which contains a few hairs, and implants the plugs into bald sections. Several transplant sessions may be necessary. Surgical options, such as follicle transplants, scalp flaps, and hair loss reduction, are available.
Wigs are an alternative to medical and surgical treatment; some patients wear a wig or hairpiece. They can be used permanently or temporarily to cover the hair loss. High-quality, natural-looking wigs and hairpieces are available.
Alopecia Areata (एलोपेशिया एरियाटा)
In about 80% of cases, alopecia areata resolves without treatment over 6 to 12 months. Patients who opt for treatment, corticosteroids can be applied to affected areas either as cream or injections. Oral corticosteroids are used in some cases of extensive hair loss.
Ultraviolet (UV) light therapy has been investigated as a treatment for alopecia areata. Some case reports have described the successful treatment of patchy hair loss due to alopecia areata with UVB therapy.
Telogen Effluvium (टेलोजन दुर्गन्ध)
Typically hair regrowth occurs within four to six months if the stressor is short-lived, but if repetitive or chronic, hair loss may continue and topical minoxidil may be suggested.
Hypothermia caps may be useful to prevent hair loss during some kinds of chemotherapy, specifically when tazanes or anthracyclines are used. It should not be used when cancer is present in the skin of the scalp or for lymphoma or leukemia. There are generally only minor side effects from treatment.
Embracing baldness (गंजेपन को गले लगाना)
Instead of concealing hair loss, some may embrace it by shaving their head. A shaved head will grow stubble in the same manner and at the same rate as a shaved face. The general public has become accepting of the shaved head as well, though female baldness can be considered less socially acceptable in various parts of the world.
Hair loss Home remedies (बालों का झड़ना घरेलू उपचार)
This has high Sulphur contents, which help prevent hair fall. Onion pulp enhances the blood circulation to the hair follicles and reduces inflammation. The antibacterial properties present in onion kill any bacteria and fungi of your scalp, making it healthy. All you need to do it rise your hair with onion juice while you are washing your hair. You can even apply the same on your scalp with a cotton pad. Do this twice a week for better results.
Aloe Vera gel (एलोवेरा जेल)
It is one versatile ingredient that is useful for all our body, hair and skin concerns. It strengthens the roots and fights the bacteria accumulated on your scalp. Not just this, aloe vera even treats an itchy dry scalp. Apply fresh aloe vera gel on your scalp and massage it gently. Rinse it off after 30 minutes.
Lavender oil (लैवेंडर का तेल)
It can work wonders your hair and scalp. The antiseptic and antifungal properties of lavender work like magic for your hair. Apart from preventing your hair fall, lavender oil even gives your shiny lustrous hair. Give yourself a warm lavender oil massage once every week for immediate effects.
If you want to control hair fall and want quick results – this one is for you! Neem ensures a healthy scalp, hair growth and controls hair fall. Boil the neem leaves in water for a good amount of time, and rinse your hair with the same water. Do it 2-3 times a day for healthy hair!
It is a natural hair conditioner. It reduces dandruff, cures an itchy scalp, and controls hair fall. The lactic acid present in yogurt wipes off all the bacteria present on your scalp. Apply yogurt on your scalp and leave it for 45 minutes. Rinse it off with cold water. Repeat this once in every 10 days for quick results.
Hair loss & Free Siddha energy remedies (बालों का झड़ना और नि:शुल्क सिद्ध ऊर्जा उपचार)
Siddha energy remedies to be applied from day one of the hair loss confirmed, which include:
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