Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), also known as cot death or crib death, is the sudden unexplained death of a child of less than one year of age. Diagnosis requires that the death remains unexplained even after a thorough autopsy and detailed death scene investigation. SIDS usually occurs during sleep. Typically death occurs between the hours of 00:00 and 09:00. There is usually no noise or evidence of a struggle. About 90% of cases happen before six months of age, with it being most frequent between two months and four months of age. It is more common in boys than in girls. Siddha Spirituality of Swami Hardas Life System recommends the methods, explained herein so that Sudden infant death syndrome can be avoided.
Sudden infant death syndrome Definition
SIDS is a diagnosis of exclusion and should be applied to only those cases in which an infant’s death is sudden and unexpected, and remains unexplained after the performance of an adequate postmortem investigation, including:
- An autopsy by an experienced pediatric pathologist, if possible;
- Investigation of the death scene and circumstances of the death;
- Exploration of the medical history of the infant and family.
After investigation, some of these infant deaths are found to be caused by accidental suffocation, hyperthermia or hypothermia, neglect, or some other defined cause.
Australia and New Zealand are shifting to the term “sudden unexpected death in infancy” (SUDI) for professional, scientific, and coronial clarity.
SIDS has a 4-parameter lognormal age distribution that spares infants shortly after birth — the time of maximal risk for almost all other causes of non-trauma infant death.
By definition, SIDS deaths occur under the age of one year, with the peak incidence occurring when the infant is at 2 to 4 months of age. This is considered a critical period because the infant’s ability to rouse from sleep is not yet mature.
Sudden infant death syndrome Risk factors
The cause of SIDS is unknown. Although studies have identified risk factors for SIDS, such as putting infants to bed on their stomachs, there has been little understanding of the syndrome’s biological process or its potential causes.
The frequency of SIDS does appear to be influenced by:
- Cultural factors, such as maternal education, race or ethnicity, and poverty.
The following risk factors generally contribute either to the underlying biological vulnerability or represent an external trigger:
SIDS rates are higher for infants of mothers who smoke during pregnancy. SIDS correlates with levels of nicotine and derivatives in the infant. Nicotine and derivatives cause significant alterations in fetal neurodevelopment.
Placing an infant to sleep while lying on the stomach or the side increases the risk. This increased risk is greatest at two to three months of age. Elevated or reduced room temperature also increases the risk, as does excessive bedding, clothing, soft sleep surfaces, and stuffed animals.
Bumper pads may increase the risk of SIDS due to the risk of suffocation. They are not recommended for children under one year of age as this risk of suffocation greatly outweighs the risk of head bumping or limbs getting stuck in the bars of the crib.
Sharing a bed with parents or siblings increases the risk of SIDS. This risk is greatest in the first three months of life, when the mattress is soft, when one or more persons share the infant’s bed, especially when the bed partners are using drugs or alcohol or are smoking. The risk remains, however, even in parents who do not smoke or use drugs.
The American Academy of Pediatrics thus recommends “room-sharing without bed-sharing”, stating that such an arrangement can decrease the risk of SIDS by up to 50%. Furthermore, the Academy recommended against devices marketed to make bed-sharing “safe”, such as in-bed co-sleepers.
Breastfeeding is associated with a lower risk of SIDS. It is not clear if co-sleeping among mothers who breastfeed without any other risk factors increases SIDS risk.
Pregnancy and infant factors
SIDS rates decrease with increasing maternal age, with teenage mothers at greatest risk. Delayed or inadequate prenatal care also increases risk. Low birth weight is a significant risk factor.
Anemia has also been linked to SIDS. SIDS incidence rises from zero at birth, is highest from two to four months of age, and declines toward zero after the infant’s first year.
Genetics plays a role, as SIDS is more prevalent in males. There is a consistent 50% male excess in SIDS per 1000 live births of each sex. Given a 5% male excess birth rate, there appear to be 3.15 male SIDS cases per 2 female, for a male fraction of 0.61.
About 10 to 20% of SIDS cases are believed to be due to channelopathies, which are inherited defects in the ion channels which play an important role in the contraction of the heart.
Drinking of alcohol by parents is linked to SIDS. One study found a positive correlation between the two during New Years’ celebrations and weekends. Another found that alcohol use disorder was linked to a more than twofold risk.
Other Risk factors
There is a tentative link with Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. Vaccinations do not increase the risk of SIDS. Vaccines are linked to a 50% lower risk of SIDS.
SIDS has been linked to cold weather with this association believed to be due to over bundling and thus overheating.
A 1998 report found that antimony- and phosphorus-containing compounds used as fire retardants in PVC and other cot mattress materials are not a cause of SIDS. The report also states that toxic gas cannot be generated from antimony in mattresses and that babies suffered SIDS on mattresses that did not contain the compound.
Sudden infant death syndrome Diagnosis
Some conditions that are often undiagnosed and could be confused with or comorbid with SIDS include:
- Medium-chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency (MCAD deficiency);
- Infant botulism;
- Long QT syndrome (accounting for less than 2% of cases);
- Helicobacter pylori bacterial infections;
- Shaken baby syndrome and other forms of child abuse;
- Overlaying, child smothering during carer’s sleep
For example, an infant with MCAD deficiency could have died by “classical SIDS” if found swaddled and prone with head covered in an overheated room where parents were smoking. Genes indicating susceptibility to MCAD and Long QT syndrome do not protect an infant from dying of classical SIDS. Therefore, the presence of a susceptibility gene, such as for MCAD, means the infant may have died either from SIDS or from MCAD deficiency. It is currently impossible for the pathologist to distinguish between them.
A 2010 study looked at 554 autopsies of infants in North Carolina that listed SIDS as the cause of death and suggested that many of these deaths may have been due to accidental suffocation. The study found that 69% of autopsies listed other possible risk factors that could have led to death, such as unsafe bedding or sleeping with adults.
Several instances of infanticide have been uncovered where the diagnosis was originally SIDS. An estimate of the percentage of SIDS deaths that are actually infanticide varies from less than 1% to up to 5% of cases.
Some have underestimated the risk of two SIDS deaths occurring in the same family and the Royal Statistical Society issued a media release refuting this expert testimony in one UK case in which the conviction was subsequently overturned.
Sudden infant death syndrome Prevention
A number of measures have been found to be effective in preventing SIDS including:
- Changing the sleeping position
- Limiting soft bedding
- Immunizing the infant and using pacifiers.
The use of electronic monitors has not been found to be useful as a preventative strategy. The effect that fans might have on the risk of SIDS has not been studied well enough to make any recommendation about them. Evidence regarding swaddling is unclear regarding SIDS.
A 2016 review found tentative evidence that swaddling increases the risk of SIDS, especially among babies placed on their stomachs or side while sleeping.
Sleep positioning for sudden infant death syndrome
Sleeping on the back has been found to reduce the risk of SIDS. It is thus recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics and promoted as a best practice by the US National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) “Safe to Sleep” campaign.
The incidence of SIDS has fallen in a number of countries in which this recommendation has been widely adopted. Sleeping on the back does not appear to increase the risk of choking even in those with gastroesophageal reflux disease. While infants in this position may sleep more lightly this is not harmful. Sharing the same room as one’s parents but in a different bed may decrease the risk by half.
The use of pacifiers appears to decrease the risk of SIDS although the reason is unclear. The American Academy of Pediatrics considers pacifier use to prevent SIDS to be reasonable. Pacifiers do not appear to affect breastfeeding in the first four months, even though this is a common misconception.
Product safety experts advise against using pillows, overly soft mattresses, sleep positioners, bumper pads (crib bumpers), stuffed animals, or fluffy bedding in the crib and recommend instead dressing the child warmly and keeping the crib “naked.”
Blankets or other clothing should not be placed over a baby’s head.
A study published in the European Journal of Pediatrics in August 1998 has shown the protective effects of a sleep sack as reducing the incidence of turning from back to front during sleep, reinforcing putting a baby to sleep on its back for placement into the sleep sack, and preventing bedding from coming up over the face which leads to increased temperature and carbon dioxide rebreathing.
They conclude in their study, “The use of a sleeping-sack should be particularly promoted for infants with low birth weight.” The American Academy of Pediatrics also recommends them as a type of bedding that warms the baby without covering its head.
Vaccination for Sudden infant death syndrome
Higher rates of DTP immunization is associated with lower rates of SIDS supporting recommendations on timely DTP immunization.
Many other studies have also reached conclusions that vaccinations reduce the risk of SIDS. Studies generally show that SIDS risk is approximately halved by vaccinations.
Sudden infant death syndrome Management
Families who are impacted by SIDS should be offered emotional support and grief counseling. The experience and manifestation of grief at the loss of an infant are impacted by cultural and individual differences.
Sudden infant death syndrome Epidemiology
Globally SIDS resulted in about 22,000 deaths as of 2010, down from 30,000 deaths in 1990. Rates vary significantly by population from 0.05 per 1000 in Hong Kong to 6.7 per 1000 in American Indians.
SIDS was responsible for 0.54 deaths per 1,000 live births in the US in 2005. It is responsible for far fewer deaths than congenital disorders and disorders related to short gestation, though it is the leading cause of death in healthy infants after one month of age.
How to avoid Sudden infant death syndrome with Siddha remedies
1. Siddha preventive measures
Everybody must practice Siddha preventive measures, whether a person is affected with sudden infant death syndrome or not, but preventive measures are the primary steps for switching on to any other Siddha remedies, and hence they are important. It helps in one’s capability, effectiveness, and productivity, decision making power, intellectuality, and removing minor health problems. There are three types of preventive measures:
- Earthing – performed for earthing the negativity of our body
- Field Cleaning – cleans the energy field (Aura) of our body
- Siddha Brain Exercise/Energizing – energizes our brain for proper functionality
Everybody’s tendency is to get attracted to the word ‘free‘, however, don’t neglect even these Siddha preventive measures are free. Avail the benefits by practicing them sincerely, and regularly. For the ease of understanding what Siddha preventive measures are, please watch a video for a live demonstration. In this case of infants, parents can perform Siddha preventive measures for the infant.
2. Siddha Shaktidata Yog
This unique Siddha Shaktidata Yog of Siddha Spirituality can solve the problems related to sudden infant death syndrome with Siddha remedies. There is no compulsion of training of ‘Swami Hardas Life System’ methods. This not only gives benefits to self but also it can be used for other affected persons, whether a person is in the same house, distantly available in the same city, same nation, or might be in any corner of the world, however, both the procedures have been explained here. In this case of infants, parents can perform Siddha Shaktidata Yog for the infant.
3. Siddha Kalyan Sadhana
Recite this Sadhana with a Sankalp “My problems of sudden infant death syndrome are solved as early as possible and I should gain health”, which should be repeated in mind 3 – 3 times every after each stanza. Any person irrespective of caste, creed, religion, faith, sex, and age can recite this Sadhana for free, which should be repeated at least twice in a day. To know more, please click on this link. In this case of infants, parents can perform Siddha Kalyan Sadhana for the infant.
4. CCPE products
These products work on the concepts of ‘Conceptual Creative Positive Energy’ (CCPE) within the provisions of the ‘CCPE Life System’ and the theory of Quantum Technology to a certain extent. However, the products get activated only whenever touched by a human and then they become capable of solving the problem and achieving health. However, please use these products for sudden infant death syndrome as mentioned below:
CCPE Extractor: The CCPE Extractor should be gently moved over the Agya Chakra in a circular motion at least for 30 to 60 seconds, thereafter, follow the same process on the head, and naval for another 30 to 60 seconds, which finishes within almost 3 – 6 minutes.
CCPE Booster: Keep one Booster over the Agya Chakra and another one each over the head, and naval for 3 – 6 minutes. You may need to have 3 Boosters, which establishes positivity.
5. A daily routine
In general, a daily routine may look like this:
- Apply free Siddha remedies a minimum 3 times a day, as explained above
- Parents should apply the UAM method on head and naval (training is required for it)
- Chant any mantra as per your religion so that infant ears them
- Perform Swayamsiddha Agnihotra daily, if feasible
- In case, if someone (parents or relatives) wishes to learn advanced methods of Swami Hardas Life System, undergo unique training
Ensure to sprinkle in some fun during the day: Don’t forget to relax and laugh in between. Laughing is a great way to boost your immune system and help you.
Training of Swami Hardas Life System
Any problem with regard to health, peace, and progress can be solved independently without money and medicines by undergoing training of Swami Hardas Life System. Any person irrespective of religion, caste, creed, faith, sex, and age can undergo this unique training.
In view of the above, I am confident that you have learned about sudden infant death syndrome, definition, risk factors, diagnosis, management, epidemiology, prevention, and Siddha remedies. Now, you have become self-sufficient, hence its right time to use your acquired knowledge for solving problems as per the provision available in Siddha Spirituality of Swami Hardas Life System.
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