Developmental coordination disorder (DCD), also known as developmental motor coordination disorder, developmental dyspraxia, or simply dyspraxia, is a chronic neurological disorder beginning in childhood. It is also known to affect the planning of movements and co-ordination as a result of brain messages not being accurately transmitted to the body. A diagnosis of DCD is then reached only in the absence of other neurological impairments like cerebral palsy, multiple sclerosis, or Parkinson’s disease. Siddha Spirituality of Swami Hardas Life System is of the opinion that the condition of the developmental coordination disorder (DCD) can be improved for well-being if applied regularly.
Developmental coordination disorder Definition
DCD is a motor skills disorder that affects five to six percent of all school-aged children. The ratio of boys to girls varies from 2:1 to 5:1, depending on the group studied. developmental coordination disorder (DCD) occurs when a delay in the development of motor skills, or difficulty coordinating movements, results in a child being unable to perform common, everyday tasks. By definition, children with DCD do not have an identifiable medical or neurological condition that explains their coordination problems.
What are the symptoms of developmental coordination disorder?
Various areas of development can be affected by developmental coordination disorder and these will persist into adulthood, as DCD has no cure. Often various coping strategies are developed, and these can be enhanced through:
In addition to the physical impairments, developmental coordination disorder is associated with problems with memory, especially working memory. This typically results in difficulty remembering instructions, difficulty organizing one’s time and remembering deadlines, increased propensity to lose things, or problems carrying out tasks that require remembering several steps in sequence e.g. cooking. Whilst most of the general population experience these problems to some extent.
However, many dyspraxics have excellent long-term memories, despite poor short-term memory. Many dyspraxics benefit from working in a structured environment, as repeating the same routine minimizes difficulty with time-management and allows them to commit procedures to long-term memory.
People with developmental coordination disorder sometimes have difficulty moderating the amount of sensory information that their body is constantly sending them, so as a result, these dyspraxics may be prone to sensory overload and panic attacks.
Moderate to extreme difficulty doing physical tasks is experienced by some dyspraxics, and fatigue is common because so much energy is expended trying to execute physical movements correctly. Some dyspraxics suffer from hypotonia, low muscle tone, which like DCD can detrimentally affect balance.
Gross motor control
Whole-body movement and motor coordination issues mean that major developmental targets including walking, running, climbing, and jumping can be affected. The difficulties vary from person to person and can include the following:
- Poor timing
- Poor balance e.g. sometimes even falling over in mid-step. Tripping over one’s own feet is also common.
- Difficulty combining movements into a controlled sequence.
- Difficulty remembering the next movement in a sequence.
- Problems with spatial awareness, or proprioception.
- Trouble picking up and holding onto simple objects such as pencils, owing to poor muscle tone or proprioception.
- Clumsiness to the point of knocking things over, causing minor injuries to oneself, and bumping into people accidentally.
- Difficulty in determining left from right.
- Cross-laterality, ambidexterity, and a shift in the preferred hand are also common in people with developmental coordination disorder.
- Problems with chewing foods.
Fine motor control
Fine-motor problems can cause difficulty with a wide variety of other tasks such as using a knife and fork, fastening buttons and shoelaces, cooking, brushing teeth, styling hair, shaving, applying cosmetics, opening jars and packets, locking and unlocking doors, and doing housework.
Difficulties with fine motor co-ordination lead to problems with handwriting, which may be due to either ideational or ideo-motor difficulties. Problems associated with this area may include:
- Learning basic movement patterns.
- Developing a desired writing speed.
- Establishing the correct pencil grip.
- The acquisition of graphemes e.g. the letters of the Latin alphabet, as well as numbers.
Developmental verbal dyspraxia
Developmental verbal dyspraxia (DVD) is a type of ideational dyspraxia, causing speech and language impairments. This is the favored term in the UK; however, it is also sometimes referred to as articulatory dyspraxia, and in the United States the usual term is childhood apraxia of speech (CAS).
Key problems include:
- Difficulties controlling the speech organs.
- Difficulties making speech sounds.
- Difficulty sequencing sounds, within a word, and forming words into sentences.
- Difficulty controlling breathing, suppressing salivation, and phonation when talking or singing with lyrics.
- Slow language development.
Associated disorders and secondary consequences
People who have developmental coordination disorder may also have one or more of these co-morbid conditions:
- Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) e.g. inattention, hyperactivity, impulsive behaviour.
- Autism spectrum disorder.
- Dyscalculia i.e. difficulty with numbers.
- Dysgraphia i.e. an inability to write neatly or draw.
- Dyslexia i.e. difficulty with reading and spelling.
- Hypotonia i.e. low muscle tone.
- Nonverbal learning disorder.
- Sensory processing disorder.
- Specific language impairment (SLI).
- Visual perception deficits.
However, a person with DCD is unlikely to have all of these conditions. The pattern of difficulty varies widely from person to person. An area of major weakness for one dyspraxic can be an area of strength or gift for another.
For example, while some dyspraxics have difficulty with reading and spelling due to dyslexia, or with numeracy due to dyscalculia. Others may have brilliant reading and spelling or mathematical abilities. Some estimates show that up to 50% of dyspraxics have ADHD.
Sensory processing disorder
SPD (Sensory processing disorder) concerns having oversensitivity or under sensitivity to physical stimuli, such as touch, light, sound, and smell. This may manifest itself as an inability to tolerate certain textures such as sandpaper or certain fabrics such as wool, oral intolerance of excessively textured food, being touched by another individual or it may require the consistent use of sunglasses outdoors since sunlight may be intense enough to cause discomfort to a dyspraxic in the case of light oversensitivity.
Sensitivity to sound
An aversion to loud music and naturally loud environments such as clubs and bars is typical behavior of a dyspraxic individual who suffers from auditory oversensitivity, while only being comfortable in unusually warm or cold environments is typical of a dyspraxic with temperature oversensitivity.
Undersensitivity to stimuli may also cause problems, as individuals do not receive the sensory input they need to understand where their bodies are in space. This can make it even more challenging to complete tasks. Dyspraxics who are undersensitive to pain may injure themselves without realizing it.
Some dyspraxics may be oversensitive to some stimuli and undersensitive to others.
Specific language impairment
SLI (Specific language impairment) research has found that students with developmental coordination disorder and normal language skills still experience learning difficulties despite relative strengths in language. This means that, for students with developmental coordination disorder, their working memory abilities determine their learning difficulties. Any strength in language that they have is not able to sufficiently support their learning.
Students with developmental coordination disorder struggle most in visual-spatial memory. When compared to their peers without motor difficulties, students with developmental coordination disorder are seven times more likely than typically developing students to achieve very poor scores in visual-spatial memory.
As a result of this working memory impairment, students with developmental coordination disorder have to learn deficits as well.
Psychological domain: Children with DCD may struggle with lower self-efficacy and lower self-perceived competence in peer and social relations. Some demonstrate greater aggressiveness and hyperactivity.
Social domain: Children may be more vulnerable to social rejection and bullying, possibly resulting in higher levels of loneliness.
What causes developmental coordination disorder?
The causes of DCD are not well-understood, but researchers believe that it is the result of delayed brain development. People with DCD generally have no other medical issues that can explain the disorder. In some cases, DCD can occur with other disorders, such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder or disorders that cause intellectual disabilities. However, these conditions aren’t linked.
How developmental coordination disorder is Diagnosed?
Assessments for developmental coordination disorder typically require a developmental history, detailing ages at which significant developmental milestones, such as crawling and walking, occurred. Motor skills screening includes activities designed to indicate developmental coordination disorder, including balancing, physical sequencing, touch sensitivity, and variations on walking activities.
The American Psychiatric Association has four primary inclusive diagnostic criteria for determining if a child has a developmental coordination disorder.
What are the criteria for developmental coordination disorder?
The criteria are as follows:
- Motor coordination will be greatly reduced, although the intelligence of the child is normal for the age.
- The difficulties the child experiences with motor coordination or planning interfere with the child’s daily life.
- The difficulties with coordination are not due to any other medical condition
- If the child does also experience comorbidities such as intellectual or other developmental disabilities; motor coordination is still disproportionally affected.
Screening tests that can be used to assess developmental coordination disorder include:
- Movement Assessment Battery for Children (Movement-ABC – Movement-ABC 2)
- Peabody Developmental Motor Scales- Second Edition (PDMS-2)
- Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency (BOTMP-BOT-2)
- Motoriktest für vier- bis sechsjährige Kinder (MOT 4-6)
- Körperkoordinationtest für Kinder (KTK)
- Test of Gross Motor Development, Second Edition (TGMD-2)
- Maastrichtse Motoriek Test (MMT)
- Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS-IV)
- Wechsler Individual Achievement Test (WAIT-II)
- Test Of Word Reading Efficiency Second Edition (TOWRE-2)
- Developmental Coordination Disorder Questionnaire (DCD-Q). The DCD-Q has been translated into many languages. For French-speaking populations, a Canadian-French version and a European-French version are available.
- Children’s Self-Perceptions of Adequacy in, and Predilection for Physical Activity (CSAPPA)
Currently, there is no single “gold standard” assessment test.
A baseline motor assessment establishes the starting point for developmental intervention programs. Comparing children to normal rates of development may help to establish areas of significant difficulty.
“Teachers will not be able to recognise or accommodate the child with learning difficulties in class if their knowledge is limited. Similarly GPs will find it difficult to detect and appropriately refer children with learning difficulties.”
How to manage developmental coordination disorder?
Some people with the condition find it helpful to find alternative ways of carrying out tasks or organizing themselves, such as typing on a laptop instead of writing by hand, or using diaries and calendars to keep organized.
Developmental coordination disorder Epidemiology
Developmental coordination disorder is a lifelong neurological condition that is more common in males than in females, with a ratio of approximately four males to every female. The exact proportion of people with the disorder is unknown since the disorder can be difficult to detect due to a lack of specific laboratory tests, thus making a diagnosis of the condition one of the eliminations of all other possible causes/diseases.
Approximately 5–6% of children are affected by this condition.
How to improve Developmental coordination disorder with Siddha remedies
1. Siddha preventive measures
Everybody must practice Siddha preventive measures, whether a person is affected with developmental coordination disorder or not, but preventive measures are the primary steps for switching on to any other Siddha remedies, and hence they are important. It helps in one’s capability, effectiveness, and productivity, decision making power, intellectuality, and removing minor health problems. There are three types of preventive measures:
- Earthing – performed for earthing the negativity of our body
- Field Cleaning – cleans the energy field (Aura) of our body
- Siddha Brain Exercise/Energizing – energizes our brain for proper functionality
Everybody’s tendency is to get attracted to the word ‘free‘, however, don’t neglect even these Siddha preventive measures are free. Avail the benefits by practicing them sincerely, and regularly. For the ease of understanding what Siddha preventive measures are, please watch a video for a live demonstration.
2. Siddha Shaktidata Yog
This unique Siddha Shaktidata Yog of Siddha Spirituality can solve the problems related to developmental coordination disorder with Siddha remedies. There is no compulsion of training of ‘Swami Hardas Life System’ methods. This not only gives benefits to self but also it can be used for other affected persons, whether a person is in the same house, distantly available in the same city, same nation, or might be in any corner of the world, however, both the procedures have been explained here.
3. Siddha Kalyan Sadhana
Recite this Sadhana with a Sankalp “My problems of developmental coordination disorder are solved as early as possible and I should gain health”, which should be repeated in mind 3 – 3 times every after each stanza. Any person irrespective of caste, creed, religion, faith, sex, and age can recite this Sadhana for free, which should be repeated at least twice in a day. To know more, please click on this link.
4. CCPE products
These products work on the concepts of ‘Conceptual Creative Positive Energy’ (CCPE) within the provisions of the ‘CCPE Life System’ and the theory of Quantum Technology to a certain extent. However, the products get activated only whenever touched by a human and then they become capable of solving the problem and achieving health. However, please use these products for developmental coordination disorder as mentioned below:
CCPE Extractor: The CCPE Extractor should be gently moved over the Agya Chakra in a circular motion at least for 30 to 60 seconds, thereafter, follow the same process on the head, eyes, mouth, throat, and naval (as applicable) for another 30 to 60 seconds, which finishes within almost 3 – 6 minutes.
CCPE Booster: Keep one Booster over the Agya Chakra and another one each over the head, eyes, mouth, throat, and naval (as applicable) for 3 – 6 minutes. You may need to have 6 Boosters, which establishes positivity.
5. A daily routine
In general, a daily routine may look like this:
- Increase physical activities e.g. exercise, walking, swimming, running, and consume Sattvik diet, etc
- Apply free Siddha remedies a minimum 3 times a day, as explained above
- Practice Ananda meditation or Acem meditation regularly
- Chant any mantra as per your religion or belief while lying down for better sleep
- In case, if someone (parents or relatives) wishes to learn advanced methods of Swami Hardas Life System, undergo unique training
- Perform Swayamsiddha Agnihotra daily, if feasible
Ensure to sprinkle in some fun during the day: Don’t forget to relax and laugh in between. Laughing is a great way to boost your immune system and help you.
Along with all the above activities, apply above explained free Siddha remedies minimum 3 times a day, the more is good. Just try the methods of Siddha Spirituality of Swami Hardas Life System. I am confident that you will surely find improvements within 30 days.
Training of Swami Hardas Life System
Any problem with regard to health, peace, and progress can be solved independently without money and medicines by undergoing training of Swami Hardas Life System. Any person irrespective of religion, caste, creed, faith, sex, and age can undergo this unique training.
In view of the above, I am confident that you have learned about developmental coordination disorder, definition, symptoms, causes, diagnosis, management, epidemiology, speech therapy, occupational therapy, physiotherapy, and Siddha remedies. Now, you have become self-sufficient, hence its right time to use your acquired knowledge for solving problems as per the provision available in Siddha Spirituality of Swami Hardas Life System.
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