Exorcism (झाड़-फूंक) is the religious or spiritual practice of evicting demons or other spiritual entities from a person or an area, that is believed to be possessed. Depending on the spiritual beliefs of the exorcist, this may be done by causing the entity to swear an oath, performing an elaborate ritual, or simply by commanding it to depart in the name of a higher power. The practice is ancient and part of the belief system of many cultures and religions. Although there are many ifs and buts, Siddha Spirituality of Swami Hardas Life System does not believe or practice exorcism. The pious intention behind this article is to educate our valuable readers in its right spirit.
Exorcism Meaning (झाड़-फूंक का अर्थ)
Exorcism in different religions (विभिन्न धर्मों में झाड़-फूंक)
Buddhism (बुद्ध धर्म)
The ritual of the Exorcising-Ghost day is part of Tibetan tradition. However, it focuses on driving out all negative energy, including evil spirits and misfortunes of the past year, and starting the new year in a peaceful and auspicious way.
The temples and monasteries throughout Tibet hold grand religious dance ceremonies, with the largest at Potala Palace in Lhasa. Families clean their houses on this day, decorate the rooms and eat a special noodle soup called ‘Guthuk’. ༼དགུ་ཐུག་༽ In the evening, the people carry torches, calling out the words of exorcism.
In Sri Lanka, Sinhala Buddhists invoke the protection of the Buddha as well as the deity Suniyam to control and disperse dangerous supernatural forces in a ritual known as the Yaktovil.
Christianity (ईसाई धर्म)
In Christianity, exorcism is the practice of casting out or getting rid of demons. In Christian practice, the person performing the exorcism, known as an exorcist, is often a member of the Christian Church, or an individual thought to be graced with special powers or skills.
The exorcist may use prayers and religious material, such as set formulas, gestures, symbols, icons, amulets, etc. The exorcist often invokes God, Jesus, or several different angels and archangels to intervene with the exorcism. Protestant Christian exorcists most commonly believe the authority given to them by the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit (the Trinity) is the source of their ability to cast out demons.
Hinduism (हिन्दू धर्म)
The basic means of exorcism are the mantra and the Yajna used in both Vedic and Tantric traditions. Vaishnava traditions also employ a recitation of names of Narasimha and reading scriptures, notably the Bhagavata Purana aloud.
According to Gita Mahatmya of Padma Purana, reading the 3rd, 7th, and 9th chapter of Bhagavad Gita and mentally offering the result to departed persons helps them to get released from their ghostly situation. Kirtan, continuous playing of mantras, keeping scriptures and holy pictures of the deities (Shiva, Vishnu, Hanuman, Brahma, Shakti, etc) in the house, burning incense offered during a Pooja, sprinkling water from holy rivers, and blowing conches used in Pooja are other effective practices.
The main puranic resource on ghost and death-related information are Garuda Purana.
Terms for exorcism practices include Tard (or dafʿ) Al-shayṭān/al-jinn (expulsion of the demon/the spirit), ʿIlāj (treatment), and Ibrāʾ Al-maṣrūʿ (curing the possessed), but also Ruḳya (enchantment) is used to exorcise various spirits.
Islamic exorcisms might consist of the treated person lying down, while a sheik places a hand on a patient’s head while reciting verses from the Quran, but this is not mandatory. The drinking or sprinkling of holy water (water from the Zamzam Well) may also take place along with applying clean non-alcohol-based perfumes, called Ittar.
The Islamic prophet Muhammad taught his followers to read the last three Suras from the Quran, Surat al-Ikhlas (The Fidelity), Surat Al-Falaq (The Dawn), and Surat an-Nas (Mankind). Hadiths reporting Muhammad, but also Jesus, performing exorcism rites serve as example and permisibility for exorcism rites.
Judaism (यहूदी धर्म)
In more recent times, Rabbi Yehuda Fetaya (1859-1942) authored the book Minchat Yahuda, which deals extensively with exorcism, his experience with possessed people, and other subjects of Jewish thought. Also present is a Minyan (a group of ten adult males), who gather in a circle around the possessed person. The group recites Psalm 91 three times, and then the rabbi blows a shofar (a ram’s horn).
Taoism (ताओ धर्म)
As believed in Taoism, an individual has been possessed by an evil spirit for one of two reasons. The individual has disturbed a ghost, regardless of intent, and the ghost now seeks revenge. An alive person could also be jealous and uses black magic as revenge thereby conjuring a ghost to possess someone. Members of the Fashi, both Chinese ritual officers and priests, perform Chinese rituals, in particular, exorcisms.
Historically, Taoist exorcisms include chanting, physical movements, and praying as a way to drive away from the spirit. Rituals such as these occur during festivals. They are more for entertainment than a necessity during festivals.
Exorcism Religious view (झाड़-फूंक का धार्मिक दृष्टिकोण)
Exorcism is the religiously based act of forcing the Devil or a demon from the body of a possessed person, which is usually performed by a religious figure. Various cultures including the Greeks, Babylonians, and Egyptians all had forms of what we term today as exorcism. Babylonian exorcism consisted of the formation and eventual destruction of a clay doll fashioned in the shape of the demon.
The expulsion of Demons or Spirits from a person or place. The helpless victim may go through any one of a large range of phenomena, from Levitation to crude swearing, vomiting, superhuman strength, and the sudden ability to speak in different languages.
Exorcism Scientific view (झाड़-फूंक का वैज्ञानिक दृष्टिकोण)
Demonic possession is not a psychiatric or medical diagnosis recognized by either the DSM-5 or the ICD-10. Those who profess a belief in demonic possession have sometimes ascribed to possession the symptoms associated with physical or mental illnesses, such as:
- Tourette’s syndrome
- Schizophrenia or dissociative identity disorder
Within the scientific community, the work of psychiatrist M. Scott Peck, a believer in exorcism, generated significant debate and derision. Despite the fact that Peck consistently called Martin a liar and a manipulator. Other criticisms leveled against Peck included claims that he had transgressed the boundaries of professional ethics to accept Christianity.
Exorcism of Emily Rose (एमिली की झाड़-फूंक)
The Exorcism of Emily Rose is a 2005 American supernatural horror crime drama film directed by Scott Derrickson. The main attractions are Laura Linney and Tom Wilkinson stars. A film is loosely based on the story of Anneliese Michel and follows a self-proclaimed agnostic who performed an exorcism.