Malnutrition (कुपोषण) is a condition that results from eating a diet in which one or more nutrients are either not enough or are too much such that the diet causes health problems. It may involve calories, protein, carbohydrates, vitamins or minerals. Not enough nutrients are called undernutrition or undernourishment while too much is called overnutrition. Malnutrition is often used to specifically refer to undernutrition where an individual is not getting enough calories, protein, or micronutrients. It means we all should know about well-balanced diet, which would help avoid malnutrition. Siddha Spirituality of Swami Hardas Life System considers this problem of serious nature. So know about malnutrition, type, definition, effects, symptoms, causes, prevention, treatment, and free Siddha energy remedies.
Malnutrition Definition (कुपोषण की परिभाषा)
Unless specifically mentioned otherwise, the term malnutrition refers to undernutrition. Malnutrition can be divided into two different types, SAM and MAM. SAM refers to children with Severe Acute Malnutrition. MAM refers to Moderate Acute Malnutrition.
Malnutrition Types (कुपोषण के प्रकार)
There are two main types of undernutrition:
- Protein-energy malnutrition
- Dietary deficiencies
Protein-energy malnutrition has two severe forms:
- Marasmus (a lack of protein and calories)
- Kwashiorkor (a lack of just protein)
Common micronutrient deficiencies include:
- Lack of iron, iodine, and vitamin A
During pregnancy, due to the body’s increased need, deficiencies may become more common. In some developing countries, overnutrition in the form of obesity is beginning to present within the same communities as undernutrition.
Malnutrition Effects (कुपोषण के प्रभाव)
Malnutrition increases the risk of infection and infectious disease, and moderate malnutrition weakens every part of the immune system.
Protein and energy malnutrition and deficiencies of specific micronutrients (including iron, zinc, and vitamins) increase susceptibility to infection. Malnutrition affects HIV transmission by increasing the risk of transmission from mother to child and also increasing replication of the virus.
In communities or areas that lack access to safe drinking water, these additional health risks present a critical problem. Lower energy and impaired function of the brain also represents the downward spiral of malnutrition as victims are less able to perform the tasks they need to in order to acquire food, earn an income, or gain an education.
Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) can result from a child not eating for 4 to 6 hours. Hypoglycemia should be considered if there is lethargy, limpness, convulsion, or loss of consciousness. If blood sugar can be measured immediately and quickly, perform a finger or heel stick.
Malnutrition Symptoms (कुपोषण के लक्षण)
In those with malnutrition, some of the signs of dehydration differ. Children; however, may still be interested in drinking, have decreased interactions with the world around them, have decreased urine output and may be cool to touch.
Cognitive development (संज्ञानात्मक विकास)
Protein-calorie malnutrition can cause cognitive impairments. For humans, “critical period varies from the final third of gestation to the first 2 years of life”. Iron deficiency anemia in children under two years of age is likely to affect brain function acutely and probably also chronically. Folate deficiency has been linked to neural tube defects.
Malnutrition Causes (कुपोषण के कारण)
Major causes of malnutrition include poverty and food prices, dietary practices, and agricultural productivity, with many individual cases being a mixture of several factors.
Clinical malnutrition, such as cachexia, is a major burden also in developed countries. Various scales of analysis also have to be considered in order to determine the sociopolitical causes of malnutrition.
For example, the population of a community that is within poor governments may be at risk if the area lacks health-related services, but on a smaller scale, certain households or individuals may be at an even higher risk due to differences in income levels, access to land, or levels of education.
Malnutrition related Diseases (कुपोषण संबंधी रोग)
Malnutrition can be a consequence of health issues such as gastroenteritis or chronic illness, especially the HIV/AIDS pandemic. Diarrhea and other infections can cause malnutrition through:
- Decreased nutrient absorption
- Decreased intake of food
- Increased metabolic requirements
- Direct nutrient loss
Parasite infections, in particular, intestinal worm infections, can also lead to malnutrition. A leading cause of diarrhea and intestinal worm infections in children in developing countries is a lack of sanitation and hygiene.
Malnutrition may also occur due to increased energy expenditure.
Dietary practices (आहार अभ्यास)
Undernutrition (अल्प पोषण)
A lack of adequate breastfeeding leads to malnutrition in infants and children, associated with the deaths of an estimated one million children annually. Illegal advertising of breast milk substitutes contributed to malnutrition and continued three decades after its 1981 prohibition under the WHO International Code of Marketing Breast-Milk Substitutes.
Maternal malnutrition can also factor in the poor health or death of a baby. Over 800,000 neonatal death has occurred because of deficient growth of the fetus in the mother’s womb.
Deriving too much of one’s diet from a single source, such as eating almost exclusively corn or rice, can cause malnutrition. This may either be from a lack of education about proper nutrition, or from only having access to a single food source.
Overnutrition (अधिक पोषण)
Overnutrition caused by overeating is also a form of malnutrition. In the United States, more than half of all adults are now overweight—a condition that, like hunger, increases susceptibility to disease and disability, reduces worker productivity and lowers life expectancy.
Overeating is much more common in the United States, where for the majority of people, access to food is not an issue. Overeating leads to many diseases, such as heart disease and diabetes, that may result in death.
Poverty and food prices (गरीबी और भोजन की कीमतें)
In Bangladesh, the poor socioeconomic position was associated with chronic malnutrition since it inhibits the purchase of nutritious foods such as milk, meat, poultry, and fruits.
It is argued that commodity speculators are increasing the cost of food. As the real estate bubble in the United States was collapsing, it is said that trillions of dollars moved to invest in food and primary commodities, causing the 2007–2008 food price crisis.
Agricultural productivity (कृषि उत्पादकता)
Local food shortages can be caused by a lack of arable land, adverse weather, lower farming skills such as crop rotation, or by a lack of technology or resources needed for the higher yields found in modern agriculture, such as fertilizers, pesticides, irrigation, machinery, and storage facilities.
Future threats (भविष्य के खतरे)
There are a number of potential disruptions to the global food supply that could cause widespread malnutrition.
Global warming is of importance to food security, with 95 percent of all malnourished peoples living in the relatively stable climate region of the sub-tropics and tropics. Even small changes in temperatures can lead to increased frequency of extreme weather conditions. Many of these have a great impact on agricultural production and hence nutrition.
Malnutrition Prevention (कुपोषण की रोकथाम)
Food security (खाद्य सुरक्षा)
The effort to bring modern agricultural techniques found in the West, such as nitrogen fertilizers and pesticides, to Asia, called the Green Revolution, resulted in increased food production and corresponding decreases in prices and malnutrition similar to those seen earlier in Western nations.
There is a growing realization among aid groups that giving cash or cash vouchers instead of food is a cheaper, faster, and more efficient way to deliver help to the hungry, particularly in areas where food is available but unaffordable.
The UN’s World Food Program, the biggest non-governmental distributor of food, announced that it will begin distributing cash and vouchers instead of food in some areas, which Josette Sheeran, the WFP’s executive director, described as a “revolution” in food aid.
World population (दुनिया की आबादी)
Restricting population size is a proposed solution. Thomas Malthus argued that population growth could be controlled by natural disasters and voluntary limits through “moral restraint.” Robert Chapman suggests that an intervention through government policies is a necessary ingredient of curtailing global population growth.
The interdependence and complementarity of population growth with poverty and malnutrition (as well as the environment) are also recognized by the United Nations. More than 200 million women worldwide do not have adequate access to family planning services.
According to the World Health Organisation, “Family planning is key to slowing unsustainable population growth and the resulting negative impacts on the economy, environment, and national and regional development efforts”.
Food sovereignty (खाद्य संप्रभुता)
One suggested policy framework to resolve access issues is termed food sovereignty—the right of peoples to define their own food, agriculture, livestock, and fisheries systems, in contrast to having food largely subjected to international market forces.
Food First is one of the primary think tanks working to build support for food sovereignty. Neoliberals advocate for an increasing role of the free market.
Health facilities (स्वास्थ्य सुविधाएं)
Another possible long term solution would be to increase access to health facilities to rural parts of the world. These facilities could monitor undernourished children, act as supplemental food distribution centers, and provide education on dietary needs. These types of facilities have already proven very successful in countries such as Peru and Ghana.
As of 2016 is estimated that about 823,000 deaths of children less than five years old could be prevented globally per year through more widespread breastfeeding. In addition to reducing infant death, breast milk feeding provides an important source of micronutrients, clinically proven to bolster the immune system of children, and provide long-term defenses against non-communicable and allergic diseases.
Exclusive breastfeeding is defined as only giving an infant breast milk for six months as a source of food and nutrition. This means no other liquids, including water or semi-solid foods.
A healthy eating plan gives your body the nutrients it needs every day. It shall have enough calories for good health, but not so much that it makes you overweight.
A healthy eating plan is the one with:
- Low in saturated fat
- Trans fat
- Sodium (salt)
- Added sugar
Healthy foods include:
- Fat-free and low-fat dairy products, such as low-fat yogurt, cheese, and milk
- Protein foods, such as lean meat, fish, poultry without skin, beans, and peas
- Whole-grain foods, such as whole-wheat bread, oatmeal, and brown rice. Other grain foods include pasta, cereal, bagels, bread, tortillas, couscous, and crackers
- Fresh fruits, canned, frozen, or dried
- Fresh vegetables, canned (without salt), frozen or dried
Canola and olive oils, and soft kinds of margarine made from these oils are heart-healthy. However, you should use them in small amounts because they’re high in calories.
You also can include unsalted nuts, like walnuts and almonds, in your diet as long as you limit the amount you eat (nuts also are high in calories). Foods that are high in saturated and trans fats and cholesterol, raise your risk for heart disease, so they should be limited.
Saturated fat is found mainly in fatty cuts of meat, such as ground beef, sausage, and processed meats (for example, bologna, hot dogs, and deli meats), Poultry with the skin, high-fat dairy products like whole-milk cheeses, whole milk, cream, butter, and ice cream, lard, coconut, and palm oils, which are found in many processed foods.
Trans fat is found mainly in foods with partially hydrogenated oils, such as many hard kinds of margarine and shortening, baked products and snack foods, foods fried in hydrogenated shortening.
Cholesterol mainly is found in egg yolks, organ meats, such as liver, shrimp, whole milk or whole-milk products, such as butter, cream, and cheese.
Reducing foods and drinks with added sugars, like high fructose corn syrup, is important. Added sugars will give you extra calories without nutrients like vitamins and minerals. Added sugar is found in many desserts, canned fruit packed in syrup, fruit drinks, and non-diet drinks. Check the list of ingredients on food packages for added sugars like high-fructose corn syrup. Drinks that contain alcohol also will add calories, so it’s a good idea to limit your alcohol intake.
Food habits have changed not only amongst the urban elites but even in the rural population. With the mechanization of the labor, most of the rural populations who were physically very active, have now become less laborious. The quantity of food consumption remained the same or increased.
More energy-intense food consumption habits with less physical activities are the main cause of lifestyle disorders like diabetes, hypertension even among the rural population. This can be seen when anyone who has eaten out lately. In fact, over the past 40 years, portion sizes have grown significantly. Cutting back on portion size is a good way to eat fewer calories and balance your energy intake.
Studies have shown that we all tend to consume a certain quantity of food. Knowing this, you can lose weight if you eat foods that are lower in calories and fat for a given amount of food. For example, replacing a full-fat food product with a low-fat product that weighs the same helps you cut back on calories. Another helpful practice is to eat foods that contain lots of water, such as vegetables, fruits, and soups.
Being physically active and eating fewer calories will help you lose weight and keep weight off over time. Weight should be reduced gradually.
Tips to reduce body weight:
- Never use drugs for losing weight, it can be dangerous
- Diets which you are using to reduce weight should be rich in proteins and low in carbohydrates and fats
- Increase the consumption of fruits and vegetables
- Eat at frequent intervals
- Decrease the consumption of sugar, salt, fatty foods, refined foods, soft drinks, and fast food.
- Prefer low- fat milk/ toned milk.
- Include physical activity in your daily routine like aerobics, walk, yoga, etc.
- Prefer homemade foods against fast food
- Avoid junk foods as they are a major cause of obesity
- Eat raw fruits and vegetables whenever possible. It is even preferable to have fruits and raw vegetables instead of munching on snacks
- Limit consumption of sugar and unhealthy processed foods
- Keep your salt intake to less than 5 grams per day as it helps to prevent hypertension, and reduces the risk of heart disease. Prefer iodized salt
- Avoid trans fats that are found in processed food, fast food, snacks, fried food, frozen pizza, and cookies
- Serve yourself small portions of high-calorie foods and large portions of healthy foods like vegetables, salads, and soups
- Good nutrition need not always be expensive. You can get all the nutrients from low-cost foods items as well like beans and lentils, eggs, jaggery, seasonal fresh fruits, and green leafy vegetables
- Don’t be choosy over the foods you eat. It might relish your taste buds but it would lead to imbalanced nutrition
- Eat fresh foods with a minimum of processing
- Eat raw vegetables whenever possible. Use as little water as possible because many nutrients are destroyed by heat or boiled water if you need to cook them.
- Eat fruits and vegetables with skins (apart from carrots, which can absorb toxins from the soil). Wash them thoroughly first
- Don’t cut, wash or soak fruits and vegetables until you are ready to eat them
- Avoid replacing meals with snack foods
Malnutrition Treatment (कुपोषण का इलाज)
In response to child malnutrition, the Bangladeshi government recommends ten steps for treating severe malnutrition. They are to prevent or treat:
- Low blood sugar
- Low body temperature
- Correct electrolyte imbalances
- Micronutrient deficiencies
- Start feeding cautiously
- Achieve catch-up growth
- Provide psychological support
- Prepare for discharge and follow-up after recovery
Among those who are hospitalized, nutritional support improves protein, calorie intake, and weight.
The evidence for benefit of supplementary feeding is poor. This is due to the small amount of research done on this treatment.
Manufacturers are trying to fortify everyday foods with micronutrients that can be sold to consumers such as wheat flour for Beladi bread in Egypt or fish sauce in Vietnam and the iodization of salt.
For example, flour has been fortified with iron, zinc, folic acid and other B vitamins such as thiamine, riboflavin, niacin and vitamin B12.
Micronutrients (सूक्ष्म पोषक)
Treating malnutrition, mostly through fortifying foods with micronutrients (vitamins and minerals), improves lives at a lower cost and shorter time than other forms of aid, according to the World Bank. The Copenhagen Consensus, which look at a variety of development proposals, ranked micronutrient supplements as number one.
In those with diarrhea, once an initial four-hour rehydration period is completed, zinc supplementation is recommended. Daily zinc increases the chances of reducing the severity and duration of diarrhea, and continuing with daily zinc for ten to fourteen days makes diarrhea less likely recur in the next two to three months.
For a malnourished child with diarrhea from any cause, this should include foods rich in potassium such as bananas, green coconut water, and unsweetened fresh fruit juice.
The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends rehydrating a severely undernourished child who has diarrhea relatively slowly. The preferred method is with fluids by mouth using a drink called oral rehydration solution (ORS).
Malnourished children have an excess of body sodium. Recommendations for home remedies agree with one liter of water (34 oz.) and 6 teaspoons sugar and disagree regarding whether it is then one teaspoon of salt added or only 1/2, with perhaps most sources recommending 1/2 teaspoon of added salt to one-liter water.
Low blood sugar (निम्न रक्त शर्करा)
Hypoglycemia, whether known or suspected, can be treated with a mixture of sugar and water. If the child is conscious, the initial dose of sugar and water can be given by mouth. However, if the child is unconscious, give glucose by intravenous or nasogastric tube.
If seizures occur after despite glucose, rectal diazepam is recommended. Re-check blood sugar levels on two-hour intervals.
Hypothermia (अल्प तपावस्था)
Hypothermia can occur. However, the child can be kept warm with covering including of the head or by direct skin-to-skin contact with the mother or father and then covering both parent and child to prevent or treat hypothermia. Prolonged bathing or prolonged medical exams should be avoided. Warming methods are usually most important at night.
Malnutrition & Free Siddha Energy Remedies (कुपोषण और नि:शुल्क सिद्ध ऊर्जा उपचार)
1. Siddha preventive measures (सिद्ध निवारक उपाय)
Everybody must practice Siddha preventive measures, whether affected with malnutrition or not, but they are the primary steps for switching on to any other Siddha energy remedies, and hence they are important. It helps in one’s capability, effectiveness, productivity, decision making power, intellectuality and removing minor health problems.
Earthing, Field Cleaning, and Siddha Brain Exercise/Energizing are three types of preventive measures. Everybody’s tendency is to get attracted toward the word ‘free‘, however, don’t neglect even these Siddha preventive measures are free. Avail the benefits by practicing them regularly. For the ease of understanding Siddha preventive measures, please watch a video for a live demonstration.
2. Siddha Shaktidata Yog (सिद्ध शक्तिदात योग)
3. Siddha Kalyan Sadhana (सिद्ध कल्याण साधना)
Recite this Sadhana with a Sankalp “My malnutrition problem be solved as early as possible and I should gain health”, which should be repeated in mind 3 – 3 times every after each stanza. Any person irrespective of caste, creed, religion, faith, sex, and age can recite this Sadhana for free, which should be repeated at least twice in a day. To know more about, please click on this link.
4. CCPE products (CCPE उत्पाद)
These products work on the concepts of ‘Conceptual Creative Positive Energy’ (CCPE) within the provisions of ‘CCPE Life System’ and the theory of Quantum Technology to a certain extent. However, the products get activated only whenever touched by a human and then they become capable of solving the problem and achieving health.
The use of CCPE products, being Energy Therapy, is one of the most effective free Siddha energy remedies for the persons, who could not undergo training of Siddha Spirituality of Swami Hardas Life System. However, please use these products for malnutrition as mentioned below:
CCPE Extractor (CCPE एक्सट्रैक्टर)
The CCPE Extractor should be gently moved over the Agya Chakra in a circular motion at least for 30 to 60 seconds, thereafter, follow the same process on the head, heart, naval for another 30 to 60 seconds, which will convert negativity into positivity. This is how the process of using extractor finishes within almost 2 – 4 minutes. It is so simple.
CCPE Booster (CCPE बूस्टर)
Keep one Booster over the Agya Chakra and another over the head, heart, naval for 3 to 5 minutes. You may need to have 4 Boosters and the process would finish within almost 3 – 5 minutes, which establishes positivity. This is how the process of using Booster finishes within almost 3 – 5 minutes. It is so simple.
Wrapping boosters in a thin cloth and tying around naval overnight to achieve faster results is permissible but after the use of CCPE Extractor as explained above.
5. UAM (यु ए एम्)
UAM (Understanding, Awakening & Movement): It is an energy-based process which can be applied by the persons who have undergone training for touch therapy. One should have attended a minimum age of 18 years to avail of this golden opportunity. A desirous person can undergo training-process irrespective of caste, creed, religion, faith, and sex. Trained persons can follow the tips explained below for how to apply these free Siddha energy remedies for appendicitis:
- Touch therapy – UAM/leveling
- Distant therapy – Siddha Shaktidata Yog, Sight healing
- Sankalp therapy – Siddha Kalyan Sadhana, Vishwa Kalyan Sadhana
- Energy therapy – Use of CCPE products e.g. CCPE Extractor, Booster, and Booster powder
Societal views (सामाजिक विचार)
In the West, people associate obesity with negative characteristics such as laziness, ugliness, stupidity, etc. These attitudes are increasing. Discriminating against someone because of their weight is legal in the United States. Westernization means that non-Western cultures are becoming more ‘fatphobic’ like the West.
In view of the above, I am confident that you have learned the basics of what is malnutrition, definition, types, causes, effects, and prevention. As a bonus, you also learned treatments available in Medical science and free Siddha energy remedies. Now its right time to use acquired knowledge for solving problems related to malnutrition for free, without money and medicines. The sufferers know, how risky this problem is! Hence, learn Siddha energy remedies of Swami Hardas Life System and apply them instantly to get or give instant relief to the needy.
The opinions expressed in this article are the personal opinions of the concerned site owners. Siddha Spirituality For Health is not responsible for the accuracy, completeness, suitability, or validity of any information on this article. However, it is advisable to consult a specialist in the concerned field before availing the benefits. Hence we do not assume any responsibility or liability for the same.
Reference: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malnutrition, https://www.nhp.gov.in/healthlyliving/healthy-diet