High blood sugar (उच्च रक्त शर्करा) – known in medical science as Hyperglycemia, is a condition in which an excessive amount of glucose circulates in the blood plasma. This is generally a blood sugar level higher than 200 mg/dl, but symptoms may not start to become noticeable until even higher values such as ~250–300 mg/dl. A subject with a consistent range between 100–126 mg/dl is considered slightly hyperglycemic, while above 126 mg/dl is generally held to have diabetes. For diabetics, glucose levels that are considered to be too hyperglycemic can vary from person to person, mainly due to the person’s renal threshold of glucose and overall glucose tolerance. On average, however, chronic levels above 180–216 mg/dl can produce noticeable organ damage over time. Considering the uncontrollable damages, Siddha Spirituality of Swami Hardas Life System, being a pious and effective method, needs to be learned. So let us know in detail about High Blood Sugar, symptoms, causes, diagnosis, complications, various treatments, and learn Free Siddha energy remedies, without money and medicines.
The medical definition of hyperglycemia or high blood sugar is an abnormally high blood level in the blood. High blood sugar is a hallmark sign of diabetes (both type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes) and prediabetes, and diabetes is the most common cause of it. Severely elevated glucose levels can result in a medical emergency like diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) or hyperglycemic hyperosmolar nonketotic syndrome (HHNS, also referred to as hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state).
The degree of high blood sugar can change over time depending on the metabolic cause, for example, impaired glucose tolerance or fasting glucose, and it can depend on treatment. Temporary high blood sugar is often benign and asymptomatic. Blood glucose levels can rise well above normal and cause pathological and functional changes for significant periods without producing any permanent effects or symptoms. During this asymptomatic period, an abnormality in carbohydrate metabolism can occur which can be tested by measuring plasma glucose. However, chronic high blood sugar at above normal levels can produce a very wide variety of serious complications over a period of years, including:
- Kidney damage
- Neurological damage
- Cardiovascular damage
- Damage to the retina
- Damage to feet and legs
Diabetic neuropathy may be a result of long-term high blood sugar. Impairment of growth and susceptibility to certain infection can occur as a result of chronic hyperglycemia.
Acute high blood sugar involving glucose levels that are extremely high is a medical emergency and can rapidly produce serious complications (such as fluid loss through osmotic diuresis). It is most often seen in persons who have uncontrolled insulin-dependent diabetes.
The following symptoms may be associated with acute or chronic high blood sugar, with the first three composing the classic high blood sugar triad:
- Polyphagia – frequent hunger, especially pronounced hunger
- Polydipsia – frequent thirst, especially excessive thirst
- Polyuria – increased the volume of urination (not an increased frequency, although it is a common consequence)
- Blurred vision
- Weight loss
- Poor wound healing (cuts, scrapes, etc.)
- Dry mouth
- Dry or itchy skin
- Tingling in feet or heels
- Erectile dysfunction
- Recurrent infections, external ear infections (swimmer’s ear)
- Cardiac arrhythmia
Frequent hunger without other symptoms can also indicate that blood sugar levels are too low. This may occur when people who have diabetes take too much oral high blood sugar medication or insulin for the amount of food they eat. The resulting drop in blood sugar level to below the normal range prompts a hunger response.
Polydipsia and polyuria occur when blood glucose levels rise high enough to result in excretion of excess glucose via the kidneys, which leads to the presence of glucose in the urine. This produces an osmotic diuresis.
Signs and symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis may include:
- Kussmaul hyperventilation (deep, rapid breathing)
- Confusion or a decreased level of consciousness
- Dehydration due to glycosuria and osmotic diuresis
- Increased thirst
- ‘Fruity’ smelling breath odor
- Nausea and vomiting
- Impairment of cognitive function, along with increased sadness and anxiety
- Weight loss
High blood sugar causes a decrease in cognitive performance, specifically in processing speed, executive function, and performance. Decreased cognitive performance may cause forgetfulness and concentration loss.
In untreated high blood sugar, a condition called ketoacidosis may develop because decreased insulin levels increase the activity of hormone-sensitive lipase. The degradation of triacylglycerides by hormone-sensitive lipase produces free fatty acids that are eventually converted to acetyl-CoA by beta-oxidation.
Ketoacidosis is a life-threatening condition which requires immediate treatment. Symptoms include:
- Shortness of breath
- Breath that smells fruity
- Nausea and vomiting
- Very dry mouth
Chronic high blood sugar injures the heart in patients without a history of heart disease or diabetes and is strongly associated with heart attacks and death in subjects with no coronary heart disease or history of heart failure.
Also, the life-threatening consequences of high blood sugar are nonketotic hyperosmolar syndrome.
Perioperative high blood sugar has been associated with:
- Increased infections
- Osmotic diuresis
- Delayed wound healing
- Delayed gastric emptying
- Sympatho-adrenergic stimulation
- Increased mortality
In addition, it reduces skin graft success, exacerbates brain, spinal cord, and renal damage by ischemia, worsens neurologic outcomes in traumatic head injuries, and is associated with postoperative cognitive dysfunction following CABG.
Blood sugar levels (रक्त में शर्करा का स्तर)
Diabetes mellitus (मधुमेह मेलेटस)
Chronic high blood sugar that persists even in fasting states is most commonly caused by diabetes mellitus. In fact, chronic high blood sugar is the defining characteristic of the disease. Intermittent high blood sugar may be present in prediabetic states. Acute episodes of high blood sugar without an obvious cause may indicate developing diabetes or a predisposition to the disorder.
In diabetes mellitus, high blood sugar is usually caused by low insulin levels (type 1 Diabetes mellitus) and/or by resistance to insulin at the cellular level (type 2 Diabetes mellitus), depending on the type and stage of the disease.
Low insulin levels and/or insulin resistance prevents the body from converting glucose into glycogen (a starch-like source of energy stored mostly in the liver), which in turn makes it difficult or impossible to remove excess glucose from the blood.
With normal glucose levels, the total amount of glucose in the blood at any given moment is only enough to provide energy to the body for 20–30 minutes, and so glucose levels must be precisely maintained by the body’s internal control mechanisms.
When the mechanisms fail in a way that allows glucose to rise to abnormal levels, high blood sugar is the result.
Ketoacidosis may be the first symptom of immune-mediated diabetes, particularly in children and adolescents. Also, patients with immune-mediated diabetes can change from modest fasting high blood sugar to severe high blood sugar and even ketoacidosis as a result of stress or an infection.
Certain medications increase the risk of high blood sugar, including:
- Thiazide diuretics
- Protease inhibitors
The acute administration of stimulants such as amphetamines typically produces high blood sugar; chronic use, however, produces high blood sugar. Some of the newer psychiatric medications, such as Zyprexa (Olanzapine) and Cymbalta (Duloxetine), can also cause significant high blood sugar.
Thiazides are used to treat type 2 diabetes but it also causes severe high blood sugar.
Critical illness (गंभीर बीमारी)
A high proportion of patients suffering from acute stress such as stroke or myocardial infarction may develop high blood sugar, even in the absence of a diagnosis of diabetes. (Or perhaps a stroke or myocardial infarction was caused by high blood sugar and undiagnosed diabetes.)
The following conditions can also cause high blood sugar in the absence of diabetes:
- Dysfunction of the thyroid, adrenal, and pituitary glands
- Numerous diseases of the pancreas
- Severe increases in blood glucose may be seen in sepsis and certain infections
- Intracranial diseases can also cause hyperglycemia. Encephalitis, brain tumors, brain bleeds, and meningitis are prime examples
Mild to high blood sugar levels are often seen in convulsions and terminal stages of many diseases. Prolonged, major surgeries can temporarily increase glucose levels.
Hormones such as the growth hormone, glucagon, cortisol, and catecholamines, can cause high blood sugar when they are present in the body in excess amounts. Also, increased proinflammatory cytokines that interrupt carbohydrate metabolism, leading to excessive glucose production and reduced uptake in tissues, can cause high blood sugar.
Monitoring Glucose Level (ग्लूकोज स्तर की निगरानी)
It is critical for patients who monitor glucose levels at home to be aware of which units of measurement their testing kit uses. Glucose levels are measured in either:
- Millimoles per liter (mmol/l) is the SI standard unit used in most countries around the world
- Milligrams per deciliter (mg/dl) is used in some countries such as the United States, Japan, France, Egypt, and Colombia
Scientific journals are moving towards using mmol/l; some journals now use mmol/l as the primary unit but quote mg/dl in parentheses.
Glucose levels vary before and after meals, and at various times of day; the definition of “normal” varies among medical professionals. In general, the normal range for most people (fasting adults) is about 4 to 6 mmol/l or 80 to 110 mg/dl. (where 4 mmol/l or 80 mg/dl is “optimal”.)
A subject with a consistent range above 7 mmol/l or 126 mg/dl is generally held to have high blood sugar, whereas a consistent range below 4 mmol/l or 70 mg/dl is considered low blood sugar. In fasting adults, blood plasma glucose should not exceed 7 mmol/l or 126 mg/dL.
Sustained higher levels of blood sugar cause damage to the blood vessels and to the organs they supply, leading to the complications of diabetes.
Chronic high blood sugar can be measured via the HbA1c test. The definition of acute high blood sugar varies by study, with mmol/l levels from 8 to 15 (mg/dl levels from 144 to 270).
Defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both, results in high blood sugar.
Treatment of high blood sugar requires the elimination of the underlying cause, such as diabetes. Acute high blood sugar can be treated by direct administration of insulin in most cases. Severe high blood sugar can be treated with oral hypoglycemic therapy and lifestyle modification.
In diabetes mellitus (by far the most common cause of chronic high blood sugar), treatment aims at maintaining blood glucose at a level as close to normal as possible, in order to avoid serious long-term complications. This is done by a combination of proper diet, regular exercise, and insulin or other medication such as metformin, etc.
Those with high blood sugar can be treated using sulphonylureas or metformin or both. These drugs help by improving glycaemic control. Dipeptidyl peptidase 4 inhibitors alone or in combination with basal insulin can be used as a treatment for high blood sugar with patients still in the hospital.
Vijaysar is said to have anti-hyperlipidemic properties that help reduce total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein and serum triglyceride levels in the body. It tends to reduce certain symptoms of diabetes like frequent urination, overeating and burning sensation in limbs.
Vijaysar can be used in the form of utensils like glass, or internally as powder, tablet, and capsules. It helps to improve insulin sensitivity, peripheral utilization of glucose, GLUT4, which ultimately reduce blood sugar levels. You could simply soak a piece of Vijaysar wood in water overnight and drink the water first thing in the morning to regulate diabetes.
Paneer ke Phool (पनीर के फूल)
Paneer ke Phool is a flower in the Solanaceae family, which is majorly found in India and used in various medicines in Ayurveda. The flower tends to heal the beta cells of the pancreas for better utilization of insulin. If taken daily, even in small quantities, it could effectively help manage diabetes better.
Take about 7-10 pieces of paneer ke Phool soaked in water overnight and drink the stock on an empty stomach first thing in the morning. According to the NCBI, regular consumption of Withania coagulans for 30 days significantly improved the glycaemic status.
Sadabahar, also known as periwinkle, is a commonly found plant in India and is said to be native to Madagascar. The smooth, glossy and dark green colored leaves along with the flowers are said to act as a natural medicine for type-2 diabetes.
Vinca rosea has two active compounds, the alkaloids, and the tannins, which are known to help keep your body healthy. You could chew a few fresh leaves to manage blood sugar levels naturally. Take the pink colored flowers of the Sadabahar plant and boil them in a cupful of water. Strain the water and drink it every morning on an empty stomach.
High blood sugar & Free Siddha Energy Remedies
The opinions expressed in this article are the personal opinions of the concerned site owners. Siddha Spirituality For Health is not responsible for the accuracy, completeness, suitability, or validity of any information on this article. However, it is advisable to consult a specialist in the concerned field before availing the benefits. Hence we do not assume any responsibility or liability for the same.