Dysarthria is a motor speech disorder resulting from neurological injury of the motor component of the motor-speech system and is characterized by the poor articulation of phonemes. In other words, it is a condition in which problems effectively occur with the muscles that help produce speech, often making it very difficult to pronounce words. Any of the speech subsystems (respiration, phonation, resonance, prosody, and articulation) can be affected, leading to impairments in intelligibility, audibility, naturalness, and efficiency of vocal communication. Dysarthria that has progressed to a total loss of speech is referred to as anarthria. Siddha Spirituality of Swami Hardas Life System can be useful for the improvement of dysarthria.
Symptoms of dysarthria can range from mild to severe. Typical symptoms include:
- Slurred speech,
- Slow speech,
- Rapid speech,
- The abnormal, varied rhythm of speech,
- Speaking softly or in a whisper,
- Difficulty changing the volume of your speech,
- Nasal, strained, or hoarse vocal quality,
- Difficulty controlling your facial muscles,
- Difficulty chewing, swallowing, or controlling the tongue, and
There are many potential causes of dysarthria. They include toxic, metabolic, degenerative diseases, traumatic brain injury, or a thrombotic or embolic stroke.
Degenerative diseases include:
- Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS),
- Multiple sclerosis,
- Huntington’s disease,
- Niemann-Pick disease, and
- Friedreich’s ataxia.
Toxic and metabolic conditions include:
- Wilson’s disease,
- Hypoxic encephalopathy such as drowning, and
- Central pontine myelinolysis.
These result in lesions to key areas of the brain involved in planning, executing, or regulating motor operations in skeletal muscles (i.e. muscles of the limbs), including muscles of the head and neck (dysfunction of which characterizes dysarthria). These can result in dysfunction or failure of:
- The motor or somatosensory cortex of the brain,
- Corticobulbar pathways,
- The cerebellum,
- Basal nuclei (consisting of the putamen, globus pallidus, caudate nucleus, substantia nigra, etc.),
- Brainstem (from which the cranial nerves originate), or
- The neuromuscular junction (in diseases such as myasthenia gravis) blocks the nervous system‘s ability to activate motor units and affect the correct range and strength of movements.
Dysarthria other Causes:
- Brain tumor,
- Cerebral palsy,
- Guillain–Barré syndrome,
- Lyme disease,
- Intracranial hypertension (formerly known as pseudotumor cerebri), and
- Tay–Sachs disease, and late-onset Tay–Sachs disease (LOTS).
People can develop different types of dysarthria depending on the location of neurological damage. We outline the different types of dysarthria below:
The hallmark of flaccid dysarthria is difficulty pronouncing consonants. Damage to the peripheral nervous system (PNS) is responsible for this type of dysarthria. The PNS connects the brain and spinal cord to the rest of the body.
Flaccid dysarthria can result from any of the following:
- Tumor in the brain stem,
- Traumatic brain injury, and
Ataxic dysarthria causes symptoms of slurred speech and poor coordination.
This type of dysarthria can occur if a person sustains damage to the cerebellum. The cerebellum is the part of the brain responsible for receiving sensory information and regulating movement.
A malfunction in the brain’s extrapyramidal system causes hypokinetic dysarthria. This system includes areas of the brain that coordinate subconscious muscle movements.
People with this condition may experience the following symptoms:
- A quiet, breathy, or monotone voice,
- Difficulty starting sentences,
- A stutter or slurred speech,
- Difficulty pronouncing consonants,
- Rigidity or reduced movement in the face and neck,
- Difficulty swallowing, which can cause drooling, and
- Tremors or muscle spasms.
Hyperkinetic dysarthria occurs as a result of damage to parts of the brain that doctors refer to collectively as the basal ganglia. The basal ganglia play a role in various functions, including involuntary muscle movement.
Symptoms of hyperkinetic dysarthria include:
- Slurred or slow speech,
- Shaky voice,
- Shortness of breath or fatigue while speaking,
- Muscle spasms and tremors,
- Involuntary jerking or flailing movements, and
- Abnormal muscle tone.
Damage to the basal ganglia can develop as a result of neurodegenerative diseases, such as Parkinson’s and Huntington’s.
Dysarthrias are classified in multiple ways based on the presentation of symptoms. Specific dysarthrias include:
- Spastic (resulting from bilateral damage to the upper motor neuron),
- Flaccid (resulting from bilateral or unilateral damage to the lower motor neuron),
- Ataxic (resulting from damage to the cerebellum),
- Unilateral upper motor neuron (presenting milder symptoms than bilateral UMN damage),
- Hyperkinetic and hypokinetic (resulting from damage to parts of the basal ganglia, such as in Huntington’s disease or Parkinsonism), and
- The mixed dysarthrias (where symptoms of more than one type of dysarthria are present).
The majority of dysarthric patients are diagnosed as having ‘mixed’ dysarthria, as neural damage resulting in dysarthria is rarely contained to one part of the nervous system — for example, multiple strokes, traumatic brain injury, and some kinds of degenerative illnesses.
Challenges faced by individuals with dysarthria
Individuals with dysarthria may experience challenges in the following:
- Vocal quality,
- Breath control,
- Range, and
Examples of specific observations include a continuous breathy voice, irregular breakdown of articulation, mono-pitch, distorted vowels, word flow without pauses, and hypernasality.
Articulation problems resulting from dysarthria are treated by speech-language pathologists, using a variety of techniques. Techniques used depend on the effect the dysarthria has on the control of the articulators.
Traditional treatments for Dysarthria
Traditional treatments target:
- The correction of deficits in rate (of articulation),
- Prosody (appropriate emphasis and inflection, affected e.g. by apraxia of speech, right hemisphere brain damage, etc.),
- Intensity (loudness of the voice, affected e.g. in hypokinetic dysarthrias such as in Parkinson’s),
- Resonance (ability to alter the vocal tract and resonating spaces for correct speech sounds), and
- Phonation (control of the vocal folds for appropriate voice quality and valving of the airway).
Exercises for Dysarthria
These treatments have usually involved exercises to increase strength and control over articulator muscles (which may be flaccid and weak, or overly tight and difficult to move), and using alternate speaking techniques to increase speaker intelligibility (how well someone’s speech is understood by peers).
Several other skills to be learned
With the speech-language pathologist, there are several skills that are important to learn; safe chewing and swallowing techniques, avoiding conversations when feeling tired, repeating words and syllables over and over in order to learn the proper mouth movements, and techniques to deal with the frustration while speaking.
Depending on the severity of the dysarthria, another possibility includes learning how to use a computer or flip cards in order to communicate more effectively.
Recent techniques for Dysarthria
More recent techniques based on the principles of motor learning (PML), such as LSVT (Lee Silverman voice treatment) speech therapy and specifically LSVT may improve voice and speech function in PD.
Building new generalized motor programs
For Parkinson’s, aim to retrain speech skills through building new generalized motor programs, and attach great importance to regular practice, through peer/partner support and self-management.
Regularity of practice, and when to practice, are the main issues in PML treatments, as they may determine the likelihood of generalization of new motor skills, and therefore how effective a treatment is.
Communication devices for Dysarthria
Augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) devices that make coping with dysarthria easier include speech synthesis and text-based telephones. These allow people who are unintelligible or maybe in the later stages of a progressive illness, to continue to be able to communicate without the need for fully intelligible speech.
Ayurveda for Dysarthria
Management of Dysarthria (Speech disorder) as per Ayurveda would basically be on the lines of Vata Vyadhi Chikitsa with components of manoindriya Vardhan (psycho and behavioral therapy).
Charka Samhita mentions intellect promoting or Medhya Rasayana drugs such as Mandukaparni (Centella Asiatica Linn), Yastimadhu (Glycyrrhiza Glabra Linn.), Guduchi (Tinospora Cordifolia (Wild) Miers), and Shankhapushpi (Convolvulus Pleuricaulis Chois) are beneficial in these conditions. Ayurveda describes biopurificatory measures like Nasyakarma and Kanval and Gandusha (swirling and holding medicated oils/ decoctions in the mouth may be beneficial). Meditation, Worship chanting, etc. may be beneficial.
Home Remedies for Dysarthria
Avoid talking in noisy environments. If possible, move away from the noise source before you start talking:
- Communicate face to face if possible,
- Provide some context before starting to talk, especially if you’re switching topics,
- Try writing or pointing to the first letter of each word as you say it,
- Consider using the Telecommunications Relay Service (TRS) to communicate by phone,
- Carry a pencil and a small pad of paper with you, so you can write your message if necessary,
- Ask people to be patient with you,
- Blowing bubbles is a beneficial exercise for breath control and for pursing the lips, which are both needed for speech articulation,
- Using a straw not only works on your sucking skills but also requires you to purse your lips. Start with thin liquids like water or juice and gradually work your way to something thicker like a milkshake,
- Spread peanut butter on your lips, from one side of your mouth to the other, and try to lick it off. This forces your tongue to reach from side to side to remove it from your lips.
If you have a swallowing problem, do not perform either of the exercises.
Dysarthria and Siddha Remedies
1. Siddha preventive measures
Everybody must practice Siddha preventive measures, whether a person is affected with dysarthria or not, but preventive measures are the primary steps for switching on to any other Siddha remedies, and hence they are important. It helps in one’s capability, effectiveness, productivity, decision-making power, intellectuality, and removing minor health problems. There are three types of preventive measures:
- Earthing – performed for removing and earthing the negativity of our body
- Field cleaning – cleans the energy field (Aura) of our body
- Siddha brain exercise/Energizing – energizes our brain for proper functionality
Everybody’s tendency is to get attracted to the word ‘free, however, don’t neglect even these Siddha preventive measures are free. Avail of the benefits by practicing them sincerely, and regularly. For the ease of understanding what Siddha preventive measures are, please watch a video for a live demonstration.
2. Siddha Shaktidata Yog
This unique Siddha Shaktidata Yog of Siddha Spirituality can solve the problems related to dysarthria with Siddha remedies. There is no compulsion of training of ‘Swami Hardas Life System’ methods. This not only gives benefits to self but also it can be used for other affected persons, whether a person is in the same house, distantly available in the same city, same nation, or might be in any corner of the world, however, both the procedures have been explained here.
3. Siddha Kalyan Sadhana
Recite this Sadhana with a Sankalp “My problems of dysarthria are solved as early as possible and I should gain health”, which should be repeated in mind 3 – 3 times every after each stanza. Any person irrespective of caste, creed, religion, faith, sex, and age can recite this Sadhana for free, which should be repeated at least twice a day. To know more, please click on this link.
4. CCPE products
These products work on the concepts of ‘Conceptual Creative Positive Energy’ (CCPE) within the provisions of the ‘CCPE Life System’ and the theory of Quantum Technology to a certain extent. However, the products get activated only whenever touched by a human and then they become capable of solving the problem and achieving health. However, please use these products for dysarthria as mentioned below:
CCPE Extractor: The CCPE Extractor should be gently moved over the Agya Chakra in a circular motion at least for 30 to 60 seconds, thereafter, follow the same process on the head, mouth, and throat which finish within almost 2-4 minutes.
CCPE Booster: Keep one Booster over the Agya Chakra and another over the head, mouth, and throat for 3 minutes. You may need to have 4 Boosters, which establishes positivity.
CCPE Booster Powder: Mix a pinch of CCPE booster powder with a few drops of coconut oil and make a paste. Apply it over the forehead, throat, and leave it for about 30 minutes. Repeat the process every after 2 hours.
5. UAM or Touch Therapy for Dysarthria
For quick and effective results, it is advisable to learn the unique methods of the Swami Hardas Life System. A trained person can only apply the UAM method or Touch therapy himself/herself and become capable of healing others.
A daily routine
In general, a daily routine may look like this:
- Consume Sattvic diet
- Perform breathing exercises regularly
- Perform Ashtanga Yoga regularly
- Apply free touch therapy (UAM) a minimum 3 times a day, as explained above
- Perform Swayamsiddha Agnihotra daily, either self or caretaker can perform
- In case, if someone wishes to learn advanced methods of Swami Hardas Life System, undergo unique training
Ensure to sprinkle in some fun during the day: Don’t forget to relax and laugh in between. Laughing is a great way to boost your immune system and help you.
Along with all the above activities, apply above explained free Siddha remedies minimum 3 times a day, the more is good. Just try the methods of Siddha Spirituality of Swami Hardas Life System. I am confident that you will surely find improvements within 3 days.
Training of Swami Hardas Life System
Any health, peace, and the progress-related problem can be solved independently by undergoing Swami Hardas Life System training. It needs no money and medicines. Any person irrespective of religion, caste, creed, faith, sex, and age can undergo this unique training.
Because of the above, I am confident that you have learned about dysarthria, meaning, symptoms, causes, diagnosis, Ayurveda treatment, Home remedies, and Siddha remedies. Now, you have become self-sufficient, hence it’s the right time to use your acquired knowledge for solving problems as per the provision available in Siddha Spirituality of Swami Hardas Life System.
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Frequently asked questions
Before posting your query, kindly go through them:
|What is dysarthria?
Dysarthria is a motor speech disorder resulting from neurological injury of the motor component of the motor-speech system and is characterized by the poor articulation of phonemes. In other words, it is a condition in which problems effectively occur with the muscles that help produce speech, often making it very difficult to pronounce words.
|Which are the symptoms of dysarthria?
Symptoms of dysarthria can range from mild to severe. Typical symptoms include Slurred speech, Slow speech, Rapid speech, The abnormal, varied rhythm of speech, Speaking softly or in a whisper, Difficulty changing the volume of your speech, Nasal, strained, or hoarse vocal quality, Difficulty controlling your facial muscles, Difficulty chewing, swallowing, or controlling the tongue, and Drooling.
|What are the best Siddha remedies for dysarthria?
In general, a daily routine may look like this: Consume Sattvic diet, Perform breathing exercises regularly, Perform Ashtanga Yoga regularly, Apply free Siddha remedies a minimum 3 times a day, as explained above, Perform Swayamsiddha Agnihotra daily, either self or caretaker can perform, In case, if someone wishes to learn advanced methods of Swami Hardas Life System, undergo unique training, and ensure to sprinkle in some fun during the day: Don’t forget to relax and laugh in between. Laughing is a great way to boost your immune system and help you.