Vitamin E deficiency (विटामिन ई की कमी) in humans is a very rare condition, occurring as a consequence of abnormalities in dietary fat absorption or metabolism rather than from a diet low in vitamin E. Collectively the EARs, RDAs, AIs, and ULs for vitamin E and other essential nutrients are referred to as Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs). Vitamin E deficiency can cause nerve problems due to poor conduction of electrical impulses along nerves due to changes in nerve membrane structure and function. Considering the damage to the body due to vitamin E deficiency is at the highest risk, Siddha Spirituality of Swami Hardas Life System appeals to our valuable readers to know about symptoms, causes, diagnosis, treatment, and more for well-being.
Vitamin E Definition (विटामिन ई की परिभाषा)
Why is Vitamin E necessary? (विटामिन ई क्यों आवश्यक है?)
As if the Vitamin E benefits we listed weren’t enough reason to incorporate it into your daily life, but you may wonder why or if Vitamin E is necessary. Think of Vitamin E as a “helper.” For our bodies to function properly, we rely on the important vitamin to “do maintenance” on our skeletal, cardiac, and muscular systems. Vitamin E also helps in the formation of healthy red blood cells and the storing of other important vitamins and minerals like A, K, iron, and selenium.
Vitamin E deficiency Symptoms (विटामिन ई की कमी के लक्षण)
Signs of vitamin E deficiency include the following:
- Neuromuscular problems – such as spinocerebellar ataxia and myopathies.
- Neurological problems – may include dysarthria, absence of deep tendon reflexes, loss of the ability to sense vibration and detect where body parts are in three-dimensional space, and positive Babinski sign.
- Hemolytic anemia – due to oxidative damage to red blood cells
- Impairment of the immune response
Vitamin E deficiency Causes (विटामिन ई की कमी के कारण)
Vitamin E deficiency is rare. There are no records of it from a simple lack of vitamin E in a person’s diet, but it can arise from physiological abnormalities. It occurs in the people in the following situations:
Premature, very low birth weight infants – birth weights less than 1500 grams (3.3 pounds).
- Rare disorders of fat metabolism – There is a rare genetic condition termed isolated vitamin E deficiency or ‘ataxia with isolated with vitamin E deficiency’, caused by mutations in the gene for the tocopherol transfer protein. These individuals have an extremely poor capacity to absorb vitamin E and develop neurological complications that are reversed by high doses of vitamin E.
- Fat malabsorption – Some dietary fat is needed for the absorption of vitamin E from the gastrointestinal tract. Anyone diagnosed with cystic fibrosis, individuals who have had part or all of their stomach removed or who have had a gastric bypass, and individuals with malabsorptive problems such as Crohn’s disease, liver disease or exocrine pancreatic insufficiency may not absorb fat (people who cannot absorb fat often pass greasy stools or have chronic diarrhea and bloating). Abetalipoproteinemia is a rare inherited disorder of fat metabolism that results in poor absorption of dietary fat and vitamin E. The vitamin E deficiency associated with this disease causes problems such as the poor transmission of nerve impulses and muscle weakness.
Vitamin E deficiency Diagnosis (विटामिन ई की कमी का निदान)
The U.S. Institute of Medicine defines deficiency as a serum concentration of less than 12 µmol/L. The symptoms can be enough for a diagnosis to be formed.
Oral vitamin E supplementation for the treatment of deficiency.
Vitamin E deficiency Health effects (विटामिन ई की कमी का स्वास्थ्य पर प्रभाव)
Low levels of vitamin E can lead to:
- Muscle weakness: Vitamin E is essential to the central nervous system. It is among the body’s main antioxidants, and a deficiency results in oxidative stress, which can lead to muscle weakness.
- Coordination and walking difficulties: A deficiency can cause certain neurons, called the Purkinje neurons, to break down, harming their ability to transmit signals.
- Numbness and tingling: Damage to nerve fibers can prevent the nerves from transmitting signals correctly, resulting in these sensations, which are also called peripheral neuropathy.
- Vision deterioration: A vitamin E deficiency can weaken light receptors in the retina and other cells in the eye. This can lead to loss of vision over time.
- Immune system problems: Some research suggests that a lack of vitamin E can inhibit the immune cells. Older adults may be particularly at risk.
Muscle weakness and difficulties with coordination are neurological symptoms that indicate damage to the central and peripheral nervous systems.
The sheaths of neurons are mostly composed of fats. When the body has too little vitamin E, it contains fewer antioxidants that protect these fats, and the function of the nervous system breaks down.
Vitamin E is found in nearly all foods to some extent. For this reason, most people are not at risk of deficiency.
Yet, disorders that affect the absorption of fat, such as cystic fibrosis or liver disease, may lead to deficiency over time, especially if your diet is low in vitamin E.
Increasing your vitamin E intake is easy, even without supplements. For instance, an excellent strategy would be to add some sunflower seeds or almonds to your diet.
You can also increase the absorption of vitamin E from low-fat foods by eating them with fat. Adding a tablespoon of oil to your salad could make a significant difference.
Vitamin E and Hair (विटामिन ई और बाल)
The benefits of vitamin E for hair typically relate to its antioxidant abilities. It primarily improves hair growth and reduces cell damage.
The vitamin can aid in maintaining good hair growth as it supports a healthy scalp and hair. The antioxidant properties lower oxidative stress levels and free radicals which can cause damage to the hair follicle cells.
The vitamin can also help restore your hair’s shine when damaged by hair products, heat, and chemicals. Natural hair oils with vitamin E are great for the hair to replenish its health, making it look lustrous.
Vitamin E and Skin (विटामिन ई और त्वचा)
Although the vitamin is famous for its skin benefits, it’s still worth discussing what it can do to help improve your skin health. Vitamin E can aid in keeping your skin calm and hydrated.
The vitamin shields the cell membranes, which serve as the barrier surrounding the cells for hydration, and this indirectly aids the skin to keep it supple and moisturized. It also provides a protective effect when paired with vitamin C as it takes longer for the skin to get burned under the heat of the sun.
But, it’s important to note that upon the process of protecting the skin, the vitamin levels decrease, and this is why it’s essential to replace them.
Side Effects (दुष्प्रभाव)
Vitamin E intake, in general, is safe for most healthy individuals when applied on the skin or taken orally. In most cases, people may not experience the side effects of vitamin E if taken with the recommended daily dose (15 mg).
There can only be possible side effects if you take the vitamin in high doses. Taking high amounts of E can lead to the following conditions: