Meningitis (मेनिनजाइटिस) is an acute inflammation of the protective membranes covering the brain and spinal cord, known collectively as the meninges. In 2015, meningitis occurred in about 8.7 million people worldwide. This resulted in 379,000 deaths—down from 464,000 deaths in 1990. With appropriate treatment, the risk of death in bacterial meningitis is less than 15%. Smaller outbreaks occur in other areas of the world. Being meningitis one of the most life-threatening and has a high mortality rate if untreated, Siddha Spirituality of Swami Hardas Life System appeal to our valuable readers to read this article for well-being.
Meningitis Meaning (मेनिनजाइटिस का अर्थ)
The word meningitis comes from the Greek μῆνιγξ meninx, “membrane”, and the medical suffix -itis, “inflammation”.
Meningitis Definition (मेनिनजाइटिस की परिभाषा)
Inflammation of the meninges caused by a virus, usually one of the enteroviruses such as the mumps virus or Coxsackievirus. Viral meningitis can be a complication the common childhood diseases, including chickenpox.
Meningitis Symptoms (मेनिनजाइटिस के लक्षण)
Clinical features (नैदानिक सुविधाएं)
In adults, the most common symptom of meningitis is a severe headache, occurring in almost 90% of cases of bacterial meningitis, followed by neck stiffness. The classic triad of diagnostic signs consists of neck stiffness, sudden high fever, and altered mental status; however, all three features are present in only 44–46% of bacterial meningitis cases. If none of the three signs are present, acute meningitis is extremely unlikely.
Other symptoms commonly associated with meningitis include:
- Photophobia (intolerance to bright light)
- Phonophobia (intolerance to loud noises)
Small children often do not exhibit the aforementioned symptoms, and may only be irritable and look unwell. The features that distinguish meningitis from less severe illnesses in young children are leg pain, cold extremities, and abnormal skin color.
Nuchal rigidity occurs in 70% of bacterial meningitis in adults. Other signs include the presence of positive Kernig’s sign or Brudziński sign. Kernig’s sign is assessed with the person lying supine, with the hip and knee flexed to 90 degrees. In a person with a positive Kernig’s sign, pain limits the passive extension of the knee. A positive Brudzinski’s sign occurs when flexion of the neck causes involuntary flexion of the knee and hip.
Meningitis Early complications (मेनिनजाइटिस की प्रारंभिक जटिलता)
Additional problems may occur in the early stage of the illness. These may require specific treatment, and sometimes indicate severe illness or worse prognosis. The infection may trigger sepsis, a systemic inflammatory response syndrome of falling blood pressure, fast heart rate, high or abnormally low temperature, and rapid breathing. Very low blood pressure may occur at an early stage, especially but not exclusively in meningococcal meningitis; this may lead to insufficient blood supply to other organs. Disseminated intravascular coagulation, the excessive activation of blood clotting, may obstruct blood flow to organs and paradoxically increase the bleeding risk.
Gangrene of limbs can occur in meningococcal disease. Severe meningococcal and pneumococcal infections may result in hemorrhaging of the adrenal glands, leading to Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome, which is often fatal.
The brain tissue may swell, the pressure inside the skull may increase and the swollen brain may herniate through the skull base. This may be noticed by a decreasing level of consciousness, loss of the pupillary light reflex, and abnormal posturing.
Seizures may occur for various reasons; in children, seizures are common in the early stages of meningitis and do not necessarily indicate an underlying cause. Seizures may result from increased pressure and from areas of inflammation in the brain tissue. Focal seizures, persistent seizures, late-onset seizures and those that are difficult to control with medication indicate a poorer long-term outcome.
Inflammation of the meninges may lead to abnormalities of the cranial nerves, a group of nerves arising from the brain stem that supply the head and neck area and which control, among other functions, eye movement, facial muscles, and hearing. Visual symptoms and hearing loss may persist after an episode of meningitis.
Meningitis Causes (मेनिनजाइटिस के कारण)
Meningitis is typically caused by an infection with microorganisms. Most infections are due to viruses, bacteria, fungi, and protozoa being the next most common causes. It may also result from various non-infectious causes. The term aseptic meningitis refers to cases of meningitis in which no bacterial infection can be demonstrated.
Bacterial Meningitis (बैक्टीरियल मैनिंजाइटिस)
The types of bacteria that cause bacterial meningitis vary according to the infected individual’s age group.
- In premature babies and newborns up to three months old, common causes are group B streptococci and bacteria that normally inhabit the digestive tract such as Escherichia coli.
- Older children are more commonly affected by Neisseria meningitidis and Streptococcus pneumoniae and those under five by Haemophilus influenzae type B.
- In adults, Neisseria meningitides and Streptococcus pneumoniae together cause 80% of bacterial meningitis cases.
Recent skull trauma potentially allows nasal cavity bacteria to enter the meningeal space. Similarly, devices in the brain and meninges, such as cerebral shunts, extraventricular drains or Ommaya reservoirs, carry an increased risk of meningitis. In these cases, the persons are more likely to be infected with Staphylococci, Pseudomonas, and other Gram-negative bacteria. These pathogens are also associated with meningitis in people with an impaired immune system. An infection in the head and neck areas, such as otitis media or mastoiditis, can lead to meningitis in a small proportion of people. Recipients of cochlear implants for hearing loss are more at risk for pneumococcal meningitis.
Tuberculous meningitis, which is meningitis caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, is more common in people from countries in which tuberculosis is endemic, but is also encountered in persons with immune problems, such as AIDS.
Recurrent bacterial meningitis may be caused by persisting anatomical defects, either congenital or acquired, or by disorders of the immune system. Anatomical defects allow continuity between the external environment and the nervous system.
Viral Meningitis (वायरल मेनिनजाइटिस)
Viruses that cause meningitis include enteroviruses, herpes simplex virus, varicella-zoster virus, mumps virus, HIV, LCMV, Arboviruses, and the Influenza virus. Mollaret’s meningitis is a chronic recurrent form of herpes meningitis; it is thought to be caused by herpes simplex virus type 2.
Fungal Meningitis (फंगल मेनिनजाइटिस)
There are a number of risk factors for fungal meningitis, including the use of immunosuppressants, HIV/AIDS, and the loss of immunity associated with aging. Symptom onset is typically more gradual, with headaches and fever being present for at least a couple of weeks before diagnosis.
Parasitic Meningitis (परजीवी मेनिनजाइटिस)
The most common parasites implicated are Angiostrongylus cantonensis, Gnathostoma spinigerum, Schistosoma, as well as the conditions cysticercosis, toxocariasis, baylisascariasis, paragonimiasis, and a number of rarer infections and noninfective conditions.
Non-infectious Meningitis (गैर-संक्रामक मेनिनजाइटिस)
Meningitis may occur as the result of several non-infectious causes: the spread of cancer to the meninges and certain drugs. It may also be caused by several inflammatory conditions, such as sarcoidosis, connective tissue disorders such as systemic lupus erythematosus, and certain forms of vasculitis, such as Behçet’s disease. Epidermoid cysts and dermoid cysts may cause meningitis by releasing irritant matter into the subarachnoid space.
Meningitis Diagnosis (मेनिनजाइटिस का निदान)
Rarely, migraine may cause meningitis, but this diagnosis is usually only made when other causes have been eliminated.
Blood tests and imaging (रक्त परीक्षण और इमेजिंग)
The most important test in identifying or ruling out meningitis is the analysis of the cerebrospinal fluid through a lumbar puncture. However, lumbar puncture is contraindicated if there is a mass in the brain (tumor or abscess) or the intracranial pressure (ICP) is elevated, as it may lead to brain herniation.
Lumbar puncture (कमर का दर्द)
The CSF sample is examined for the presence and types of white blood cells, red blood cells, protein content, and glucose level. Gram staining of the sample may demonstrate bacteria in bacterial meningitis, but an absence of bacteria does not exclude bacterial meningitis as they are only seen in 60% of cases.
A latex agglutination test may be positive in meningitis caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae, Neisseria meningitides, Haemophilus influenzae, Escherichia coli, and group B streptococci.
The findings from a post mortem are usually a widespread inflammation of the pia mater and arachnoid layers of the meninges. Neutrophil granulocytes tend to have migrated to the cerebrospinal fluid and the base of the brain, along with cranial nerves and the spinal cord, may be surrounded with pus – as may the meningeal vessels.
Meningitis Prevention (मेनिनजाइटिस की रोकथाम)
For some causes of meningitis, protection can be provided in the long term through vaccination, or in the short term with antibiotics. Some behavioral measures may also be effective.
Behavioral (स्वभाव संबंधी)
Bacterial and viral meningitis are contagious, but neither is as contagious as the common cold or flu. Both can be transmitted through droplets of respiratory secretions during close contact such as kissing, sneezing or coughing on someone, but cannot be spread by only breathing the air where a person with meningitis has been.
Meningitis Vaccination (मेनिनजाइटिस टीकाकरण)
Since the 1980s, many countries have included immunization against Haemophilus influenzae type B in their routine childhood vaccination schemes. This has practically eliminated this pathogen as a cause of meningitis in young children in those countries. In the countries in which the disease burden is highest, however, the vaccine is still too expensive. Similarly, immunization against mumps has led to a sharp fall in the number of cases of mumps meningitis, which prior to vaccination occurred in 15% of all cases of mumps.
A quadrivalent vaccine now exists, which combines four vaccines with the exception of B; immunization with this ACW135Y vaccine is now a visa requirement for taking part in Hajj. Development of a vaccine against group B meningococci has proved much more difficult, as its surface proteins (which would normally be used to make a vaccine) only elicit a weak response from the immune system, or cross-react with normal human proteins.
Meningitis Antibiotics (मेनिनजाइटिस एंटीबायोटिक्स)
Short-term antibiotic prophylaxis is another method of prevention, particularly of meningococcal meningitis. In cases of meningococcal meningitis, preventative treatment in close contacts with antibiotics e.g. rifampicin, ciprofloxacin or ceftriaxone can reduce their risk of contracting the condition, but does not protect against future infections.
Meningitis Treatment (मेनिनजाइटिस का उपचार)
Meningitis is potentially life-threatening and has a high mortality rate if untreated. Thus, treatment with wide-spectrum antibiotics should not be delayed while confirmatory tests are being conducted.
Mechanical ventilation may be needed if the level of consciousness is very low, or if there is evidence of respiratory failure. If there are signs of raised intracranial pressure, measures to monitor the pressure may be taken; this would allow the optimization of the cerebral perfusion pressure and various treatments to decrease the intracranial pressure with medication e.g. mannitol. Seizures are treated with anticonvulsants. Hydrocephalus may require the insertion of a temporary or long-term drainage device, such as a cerebral shunt. The osmotic therapy, glycerol, has an unclear effect on mortality but may decrease hearing problems.
Bacterial meningitis (बैक्टीरियल मैनिंजाइटिस)
The choice of initial treatment depends largely on the kind of bacteria that cause meningitis in a particular place and population. For instance, in the United Kingdom, empirical treatment consists of a third-generation cefalosporin such as cefotaxime or ceftriaxone.
Empirical therapy may be chosen on the basis of the person’s age, whether the infection was preceded by a head injury, whether the person has undergone recent neurosurgery and whether or not a cerebral shunt is present. In young children and those over 50 years of age, as well as those who are immunocompromised, the addition of ampicillin is recommended to cover Listeria monocytogenes.
Additional treatment with corticosteroids has shown some benefits, such as a reduction of hearing loss, and better short term neurological outcomes in adolescents and adults from high-income countries with low rates of HIV. Some research has found reduced rates of death while other research has not. They also appear to be beneficial in those with tuberculosis meningitis, at least in those who are HIV negative.
Additional treatment with corticosteroids has a different role in children than in adults. Though the benefit of corticosteroids has been demonstrated in adults as well as in children from high-income countries, their use in children from low-income countries is not supported by the evidence; the reason for this discrepancy is not clear.
Viral meningitis (वायरल मैनिंजाइटिस)
Viral meningitis typically only requires supportive therapy; most viruses responsible for causing meningitis are not amenable to a specific treatment. Viral meningitis tends to run a more benign course than bacterial meningitis. Herpes simplex virus and the varicella-zoster virus may respond to treatment with antiviral drugs such as aciclovir, but there are no clinical trials that have specifically addressed whether this treatment is effective.
Fungal meningitis (फंगल मेनिन्जाइटिस)
Fungal meningitis, such as cryptococcal meningitis, is treated with long courses of high dose antifungals, such as amphotericin B and flucytosine. Raised intracranial pressure is common in fungal meningitis, and frequent (ideally daily) lumbar punctures to relieve the pressure are recommended, or alternatively a lumbar drain.
Meningitis & Free Siddha energy remedies (मेनिनजाइटिस और नि:शुल्क सिद्ध ऊर्जा उपचार)
1. Siddha preventive measures (सिद्ध निवारक उपाय)
Everybody must practice Siddha preventive measures, whether a person is affected with meningitis or not, but preventive measures are the primary steps for switching on to any other Siddha energy remedies, and hence they are important. It helps in one’s capability, effectiveness, and productivity, decision making power, intellectuality and removing minor health problems. There are three types of preventive measures:
- Earthing – performed for earthing the negativity of our body
- Field Cleaning – cleans energy field (Aura) of our body
- Siddha Brain Exercise/Energizing – energizes our brain for proper functionality
Everybody’s tendency is to get attracted to the word ‘free‘, however, don’t neglect even these Siddha preventive measures are free. Avail the benefits by practicing them sincerely, and regularly. For the ease of understanding what Siddha preventive measures are, please watch a video for a live demonstration.
2. Siddha Shaktidata Yog (सिद्ध शक्तीदाता योग)
This unique Siddha Shaktidata Yog of Siddha Spirituality can solve the problems related to meningitis with free Siddha energy remedies. There is no compulsion of training of ‘Swami Hardas Life System’ methods. This not only gives benefits to self but also it can be used for other affected persons, whether a person is in the same house, distantly available in the same city, same nation or might be in any corner of the world, however, both the procedures have been explained here.
3. Siddha Kalyan Sadhana (सिद्ध कल्याण साधना)
Recite this Sadhana with a Sankalp “My problems of meningitis are solved as early as possible and I should gain health”, which should be repeated in mind 3 – 3 times every after each stanza. Any person irrespective of caste, creed, religion, faith, sex, and age can recite this Sadhana for free, which should be repeated at least twice in a day. To know more, please click on this link.
4. CCPE products (CCPE उत्पाद)
These products work on the concepts of ‘Conceptual Creative Positive Energy’ (CCPE) within the provisions of the ‘CCPE Life System’ and the theory of Quantum Technology to a certain extent. However, the products get activated only whenever touched by a human and then they become capable of solving the problem and achieving health. However, please use these products for meningitis as mentioned below:
CCPE Extractor: The CCPE Extractor should be gently moved over the Agya Chakra in a circular motion at least for 30 to 60 seconds, thereafter, follow the same process on the head, heart, and naval for another 30 to 60 seconds, which finishes within almost 2 – 4 minutes.
CCPE Booster: Keep one Booster over the Agya Chakra and another one each over the head, heart, and naval for 3 – 6 minutes. You may need to have 4 Boosters, which establishes positivity.
5. A daily routine (एक दैनिक दिनचर्या)
In general, a daily routine may look like this:
- Consult your doctor and follow the instructions
- Increase physical activities e.g. Yoga, and consume Sattvik diet, Mediterranean diet, etc
- Apply free Siddha energy remedies minimum 3 times a day, as explained above
- In case, if someone wishes to learn advanced methods of Swami Hardas Life System, undergo unique training
- Perform Swayamsiddha Agnihotra daily, if feasible
Ensure to sprinkle in some fun during the day: Don’t forget to relax and laugh in between. Laughing is a great way to boost your immune system and help you.
Along with all the above activities, apply above explained free Siddha energy remedies minimum 3 times a day, the more is good. Just try the methods of Siddha Spirituality of Swami Hardas Life System. I am confident that you will surely find improvements within 3 days.
Training of Swami Hardas Life System (स्वामी हरदास लाइफ सिस्टम का प्रशिक्षण)
Any problem with regard to health, peace, and progress can be solved independently without money and medicines by undergoing training of Swami Hardas Life System. Any person irrespective of religion, caste, creed, faith, sex, and age can undergo this unique training.
In view of the above, I am confident that you have learned about meningitis, meaning, definition, symptoms, causes, diagnosis, vaccinations, antibiotics, and treatment. You also learned free Siddha energy remedies. Now, you have become self-sufficient, hence its right time to use your acquired knowledge for solving problems as per the provision available in Siddha Spirituality of Swami Hardas Life System.
After reading this article, how would you rate it? Would you please let me know your precious thoughts?
The opinions expressed in this article are the personal opinions of the concerned site owners. Siddha Spirituality For Health is not responsible for the accuracy, completeness, suitability, or validity of any information on this article. However, it is advisable to consult a specialist in the concerned field before availing of the benefits. Hence we do not assume any responsibility or liability for the same.