Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) [ध्यान अभाव अतिसक्रियता विकार] is a mental disorder of the neurodevelopmental type. It is characterized by difficulty paying attention, excessive activity and acting without regard to consequences, which are otherwise not appropriate for a person’s age. Some individuals with ADHD also display difficulty regulating emotions. In children, problems paying attention may result in poor school performance. Additionally, there is an association with other mental disorders and substance misuse. Siddha Spirituality of Swami Hardas Life System appeals to our valuable readers to know about Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in-depth for well-being.
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder Definition (ध्यान अभाव अतिसक्रियता विकार की परिभाषा)
A disorder in which a person is unable to control behavior due to difficulty in processing neural stimuli, accompanied by an extremely high level of motor activity. ADHD can affect children and adults, but it is easiest to perceive during schooling. A child with ADHD may be extremely distractible, unable to remain still, and very talkative, which is diagnosed by using a combination of parent and/or patient interviews, observation of the patient, and sometimes the use of standardized screening instruments. Treatments include making adjustments to the environment to accommodate the disorder, behavior modification, and the use of medications. Stimulants are the most common drugs used, although certain other medications can be effective.
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder Symptoms (ध्यान घाटे की अतिसक्रियता विकार के लक्षण)
According to the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V), symptoms must be present for six months or more to a degree that is much greater than others of the same age and they must cause significant problems functioning in at least two settings e.g. social, school/work, or home. The criteria must have been met prior to age twelve in order to receive a diagnosis of ADHD. This requires more than 5 symptoms of inattention or hyperactivity/impulsivity for those under 17 and more than 4 for those over 16 years old.
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder Subtypes (ध्यान घाटे की अतिसक्रियता विकार के उप प्रकार)
ADHD is divided into three subtypes, which include:
- Inattentive (ADHD-PI or ADHD-I)
- Hyperactive-impulsive (ADHD-PH or ADHD-HI)
- Combined type (ADHD-C)
ADHD inattentive (ADHD-PI or ADHD-I) [ADHD असावधान (ADHD-PI या ADHD-I)]
This type includes the following symptoms:
- Be easily distracted, miss details, forget things, and frequently switch from one activity to another
- Have difficulty maintaining focus on one task
- Become bored with a task after only a few minutes, unless doing something they find enjoyable
- Have difficulty focusing attention on organizing or completing a task
- Have trouble completing or turning in homework assignments, often losing things e.g. pencils, toys, assignments, needed to complete tasks or activities
- Daydream, become easily confused and move slowly
- Have difficulty processing the information as quickly and accurately as others
- Struggle to follow instructions
- Have trouble understanding details; overlooks details
ADHD hyperactive-impulsive (ADHD-PH or ADHD-HI) [ADHD अतिसक्रिय-आवेगी (ADHD-PH या ADHD-HI)]
This type includes the following symptoms:
- Fidget or squirm a great deal
- Talk nonstop
- Dash around, touching or playing with anything and everything in sight
- Have trouble sitting still during dinner, school, and while doing homework
- Be constantly in motion
- Have difficulty performing quiet tasks or activities
- Be impatient
- Blurt out inappropriate comments, show their emotions without restraint, and act without regard for consequences
- Have difficulty waiting for things they want or waiting their turn in games
- Often interrupt conversations or others’ activities
Girls with ADHD tend to display fewer hyperactivity and impulsivity symptoms but more symptoms pertaining to inattention and distractibility. Symptoms of hyperactivity tend to go away with age and turn into “inner restlessness” in teens and adults with ADHD. People with ADHD of all ages are more likely to have problems with social skills, such as social interaction and forming and maintaining friendships. This is true for all subtypes.
ADHD Associated disorders (एडीएचडी जुड़े विकार)
In children, ADHD occurs with other disorders about two-thirds of the time. Some commonly associated conditions include:
- Tourette’s syndrome
- Autism spectrum disorder (ASD): this disorder affects social skills, ability to communicate, behavior, and interests
- Anxiety disorders have been found to occur more commonly in the ADHD population
- Intermittent explosive disorder
- Learning disabilities can include developmental speech and language disorders and academic skills disorders
- Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) can co-occur with ADHD and shares many of its characteristics
- Intellectual disabilities
- Reactive attachment disorder
- Substance use disorders. Adolescents and adults with ADHD are at increased risk of substance abuse
- Sleep disorders and ADHD commonly co-exist. They can also occur as a side effect of medications used to treat ADHD. In children with ADHD, insomnia is the most common sleep disorder with behavioral therapy
- Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and conduct disorder (CD), which occur with ADHD in about 50% and 20% of cases respectively
- Children tend to fidget, yawn and stretch and appear to be hyperactive in order to remain alert and active
- Sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) is a cluster of symptoms that potentially comprises another attention disorder
- Stereotypic movement disorder
- Mood disorders. Boys diagnosed with combined ADHD subtype are more likely to have a mood disorder. Adults with ADHD sometimes also have bipolar disorder, which requires careful assessment to accurately diagnose and treat both conditions
- Restless legs syndrome has been found to be more common in those with ADHD and is often due to iron deficiency anemia
- People with ADHD have an increased risk of persistent bed-wetting
- A 2016 systematic review found a well-established association between ADHD and obesity, asthma and sleep disorders, and tentative evidence for association with celiac disease and migraine.
Certain studies have found that people with ADHD tend to have lower scores on intelligence quotient (IQ) tests. The significance of this is controversial due to the differences between people with ADHD and the difficulty determining the influence of symptoms, such as distractibility, on lower scores rather than intellectual capacity.
Studies of adults suggest that negative differences in intelligence are not meaningful and may be explained by associated health problems.
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder Causes (ध्यान घाटे की अतिसक्रियता विकार के कारण)
Most ADHD cases are of unknown causes. It is believed to involve interactions between genetics, the environment, and social factors. Certain cases are related to previous infection or trauma to the brain.
Twin studies indicate that the disorder is often inherited from the person’s parents, with genetics determining about 74% of cases. Siblings of children with ADHD are three to four times more likely to develop the disorder than siblings of children without the disorder. Genetic factors are also believed to be involved in determining whether ADHD persists into adulthood.
People with Down syndrome are more likely to have ADHD.
In addition to genetics, some environmental factors might play a role in causing ADHD. Alcohol intake during pregnancy can cause fetal alcohol spectrum disorders which can include ADHD or symptoms like it. Children exposed to certain toxic substances, such as lead or polychlorinated biphenyls, may develop problems that resemble ADHD.
Exposure to the organophosphate insecticides chlorpyrifos and dialkyl phosphate is associated with an increased risk; however, the evidence is not conclusive. Exposure to tobacco smoke during pregnancy can cause problems with central nervous system development and can increase the risk of ADHD.
The youngest children in a class have been found to be more likely to be diagnosed as having ADHD, possibly due to their being developmentally behind their older classmates. This effect has been seen across a number of countries. They also appear to use ADHD medications at nearly twice the rate as their peers.
In some cases, the diagnosis of ADHD may reflect a dysfunctional family or a poor educational system, rather than problems with the individuals themselves. In other cases, it may be explained by increasing academic expectations, with a diagnosis being a method for parents in some countries to get extra financial and educational support for their child. Typical behaviors of ADHD occur more commonly in children who have experienced violence and emotional abuse.
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder Diagnosis (ध्यान अभाव अतिसक्रियता विकार के निदान)
ADHD is diagnosed by an assessment of a child’s behavioral and mental development. It often takes into account feedback from parents and teachers with most diagnoses begun after a teacher raises concerns.
Associated conditions that should be screened for include:
- Oppositional defiant disorder
- Conduct disorder
- Learning and language disorders
- Neurodevelopmental disorders
- Sleep apnea
Self-rating scales, such as the ADHD rating scale and the Vanderbilt ADHD diagnostic rating scale are used in the screening and evaluation of ADHD.
International Classification of Diseases (रोगों का अंतर्राष्ट्रीय वर्गीकरण)
In the tenth revision of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-10) by the World Health Organization, the symptoms of “hyperkinetic disorder” are analogous to ADHD in the DSM-5. When a conduct disorder (as defined by ICD-10) is present, the condition is referred to as hyperkinetic conduct disorder. Otherwise, the disorder is classified as disturbance of activity and attention, other hyperkinetic disorders or hyperkinetic disorders, unspecified.
Some ADHD symptoms in adults differ from those seen in children. While children with ADHD may climb and run about excessively, adults may experience an inability to relax, or they talk excessively in social situations. Addictive behavior such as substance abuse and gambling are common.
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder Management/Treatment (ध्यान अभाव अतिसक्रियता विकार का प्रबंधन / उपचार)
The management of ADHD typically involves counseling or medications either alone or in combination. While treatment may improve long-term outcomes, it does not get rid of negative outcomes entirely. Medications used include stimulants, atomoxetine, alpha-2 adrenergic receptor agonists, and sometimes antidepressants. In those who have trouble focusing on long-term rewards, a large amount of positive reinforcement improves task performance. ADHD stimulants also improve persistence and task performance in children with ADHD.
Behavioral therapies (व्यवहार चिकित्सा)
There is good evidence for the use of behavioral therapies in ADHD and they are the recommended first-line treatment in those who have mild symptoms or are preschool-aged. Psychological therapies used includes:
- Psychoeducational input
- Behavior therapy
- Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)
- Interpersonal psychotherapy
- Family therapy
- School-based interventions
- Social skills training
- Behavioral peer intervention
- Organization training
- Parent management training
Parent training may improve a number of behavioral problems including oppositional and non-compliant behaviors. It is unclear if neurofeedback is useful.
Aerobic exercise (एरोबिक व्यायाम)
Regular physical exercise, particularly aerobic exercise, is an effective add-on treatment for ADHD in children and adults, particularly when combined with stimulant medication, although the best intensity and type of aerobic exercise for improving symptoms are not currently known.
Parent-teacher ratings of behavioral and socio-emotional outcomes in response to regular aerobic exercise include:
- Better overall function
- Reduced ADHD symptoms
- Better self-esteem
- Reduced levels of anxiety and depression
- Fewer somatic complaints
- Better academic and classroom behavior
- Improved social behavior
Exercising while on stimulant medication augments the effect of stimulant medication on executive function. It is believed that these short-term effects of exercise are mediated by an increased abundance of synaptic dopamine and norepinephrine in the brain.
Stimulant medications are the pharmaceutical treatment of choice. They have at least some effect on symptoms, in the short term, in about 80% of people. Methylphenidate appears to improve symptoms as reported by teachers and parents. Stimulants may also reduce the risk of unintentional injuries in children with ADHD.
There are a number of non-stimulant medications, such as atomoxetine, bupropion, guanfacine, and clonidine that may be used as alternatives, or added to stimulant therapy. There are no good studies comparing the various medications.
Dietary modifications are not recommended as of 2019 by the American Academy of Pediatrics due to insufficient evidence. Though some evidence supports benefit in a small proportion of children with ADHD. A 2013 meta-analysis found less than a third of children with ADHD see some improvement in symptoms with free fatty acid supplementation or decreased eating of artificial food coloring. These benefits may be limited to children with food sensitivities or those who are simultaneously being treated with ADHD medications.
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder & Free Siddha energy remedies (ध्यान अभाव अतिसक्रियता विकार और नि:शुल्क सिद्ध ऊर्जा उपचार)
1. Siddha preventive measures for Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ध्यान अभाव अतिसक्रियता विकार के लिए सिद्ध निवारक उपाय)
Everybody must practice Siddha preventive measures, whether a person is affected with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or not, but preventive measures are the primary steps for switching on to any other Siddha energy remedies, and hence they are important. It helps in one’s capability, effectiveness, and productivity, decision making power, intellectuality and removing minor health problems. There are three types of preventive measures:
- Earthing – performed for earthing the negativity of our body
- Field Cleaning – cleans energy field (Aura) of our body
- Siddha Brain Exercise/Energizing – energizes our brain for proper functionality
Everybody’s tendency is to get attracted to the word ‘free‘, however, don’t neglect even these Siddha preventive measures are free. Avail the benefits by practicing them sincerely, and regularly. For the ease of understanding what Siddha preventive measures are, please watch a video for a live demonstration.
2. Siddha Shaktidata Yog for Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ध्यान अभाव अतिसक्रियता विकार के लिए सिद्ध शक्तीदाता योग)
This unique Siddha Shaktidata Yog of Siddha Spirituality can solve the problems related to attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) with free Siddha energy remedies. There is no compulsion of training of ‘Swami Hardas Life System’ methods. This not only gives benefits to self but also it can be used for other affected persons, whether a person is in the same house, distantly available in the same city, same nation or might be in any corner of the world, however, both the procedures have been explained here.
3. Siddha Kalyan Sadhana for Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ध्यान अभाव अतिसक्रियता विकार के लिए सिद्ध कल्याण साधना)
Recite this Sadhana with a Sankalp “My problems of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are solved as early as possible and I should gain health”, which should be repeated in mind 3 – 3 times every after each stanza. Any person irrespective of caste, creed, religion, faith, sex, and age can recite this Sadhana for free, which should be repeated at least twice in a day. To know more, please click on this link.
A daily routine for Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ध्यान अभाव अतिसक्रियता विकार के लिए एक दैनिक दिनचर्या)
In general, a daily routine may look like this:
- Increase physical activities e.g. exercise, walking, swimming, and consume Sattvik diet, Mediterranean diet, etc
- Apply free Siddha energy remedies regularly as explained above
- Perform Swayamsiddha Agnihotra daily, if feasible
- In case, if someone wishes to learn advanced methods of Swami Hardas Life System, undergo unique training
Ensure to sprinkle in some fun during the day: Don’t forget to relax and laugh in between. Laughing is a great way to boost your immune system and help you.
Along with all the above activities, apply above explained free Siddha energy remedies minimum 3 times a day, the more is good. Just try the methods of Siddha Spirituality of Swami Hardas Life System. I am confident that you will surely find improvements within 3 days.
Training of Swami Hardas Life System (स्वामी हरदास लाइफ सिस्टम का प्रशिक्षण)
Any problem with regard to health, peace, and progress can be solved independently without money and medicines by undergoing training of Swami Hardas Life System. Any person irrespective of religion, caste, creed, faith, sex, and age can undergo this unique training.
In view of the above, I am confident that you have learned about attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), definition, symptoms, causes, diagnosis, management/treatment, and free Siddha energy remedies. Now, you have become self-sufficient, hence its right time to use your acquired knowledge for solving problems as per the provision available in Siddha Spirituality of Swami Hardas Life System. However, keep learning and practicing the free Siddha Energy Remedies, which would help guide how to solve various problems regarding health, peace, and progress, without money and medicines.
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