Prostate cancer (प्रोस्टेट कैंसर) is the development of cancer in the prostate, a gland in the male reproductive system. Most prostate cancers are slow growing; however, some grow relatively quickly. The cancer cells may spread from the prostate to other areas of the body, particularly the bones and lymph nodes. It may initially cause no symptoms. In later stages, it can lead to difficulty urinating, blood in the urine or pain in the pelvis, back, or when urinating. A disease known as benign prostatic hyperplasia may produce similar symptoms. Other late symptoms may include feeling tired due to low levels of red blood cells (Anemia). Prostate cancer being most dreaded, Siddha Spirituality of Swami Hardas Life System consider that our readers must know about its symptoms, risk factors, diagnosis, medications, prevention, and free Siddha energy remedies, without money and medicines.
Factors that increase the risk of prostate cancer include older age, a family history of the disease, and race. About 99% of cases occur in males over the age of 50.
Prostate cancer is cancer that occurs in the prostate — a small walnut-shaped gland in men that produces the seminal fluid that nourishes and transports sperm. Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in men.
Prostate cancer Symptoms (प्रोस्टेट कैंसर के लक्षण)
Early prostate cancer usually has no clear symptoms, however, sometimes it does cause symptoms, often similar to those of diseases such as benign prostatic hyperplasia. These include:
- Frequent urination
- Nocturia (increased urination at night)
- Difficulty starting and maintaining a steady stream of urine
- Hematuria (blood in the urine)
- Dysuria (painful urination)
A study based on the 1998 Patient Care Evaluation in the US found that about a third of patients diagnosed with prostate cancer had one or more such symptoms, while two-thirds had no symptoms.
Prostate cancer is associated with urinary dysfunction as the prostate gland surrounds the prostatic urethra. Changes within the gland, therefore, directly affect urinary function. Because the vas deferens deposits seminal fluid into the prostatic urethra, and secretions from the prostate gland itself are included in semen content, prostate cancer may also cause problems with sexual function and performance, such as difficulty achieving an erection or painful ejaculation.
Metastatic prostate cancer that has spread to other parts of the body can cause additional symptoms. The most common symptom is bone pain, often in the vertebrae (bones of the spine), pelvis, or ribs. Spread of cancer into other bones such as the femur is usually to the proximal or nearby part of the bone. Prostate cancer in the spine can also compress the spinal cord, causing tingling, leg weakness, and urinary and fecal incontinence.
Prostate cancer Risk factors (प्रोस्टेट कैंसर के जोखिम घटक)
A complete understanding of the causes of prostate cancer remains elusive. The primary risk factors are:
- Family history
Prostate cancer is very uncommon in men younger than 45 but becomes more common with advancing age. The average age at the time of diagnosis is 70. Many men never know they have prostate cancer. Autopsy studies of Chinese, German, Israeli, Jamaican, Swedish, and Ugandan men who died of other causes have found prostate cancer in 30% of men in their fifties, and in 80% of men in their seventies.
Men who have first-degree family members with prostate cancer appear to have double the risk of getting the disease compared to men without prostate cancer in the family. This risk appears to be greater for men with an affected brother than for men with an affected father.
In the United States in 2005, there were an estimated 230,000 new cases of prostate cancer and 30,000 deaths due to prostate cancer. Men with high blood pressure are more likely to develop prostate cancer. There is a small increased risk of prostate cancer associated with lack of exercise.
Genetic background may contribute to prostate cancer risk, as suggested by associations with race, family, and specific gene variants. Men who have a first-degree relative (father or brother) with prostate cancer have twice the risk of developing prostate cancer, and those with two first-degree relatives affected have a fivefold greater risk compared with men with no family history.
In the United States, prostate cancer more commonly affects black men than white or Hispanic men and is also more deadly in black men. In contrast, the incidence and mortality rates for Hispanic men are one third lower than for non-Hispanic whites. Studies of twins in Scandinavia suggest that 40% of prostate cancer risk can be explained by inherited factors.
Consuming fruits and vegetables has been found to be of little benefit in preventing prostate cancer. Evidence supports little role for dietary fruits and vegetables in prostate cancer occurrence. Red meat and processed meat also appear to have little effect in human studies. Higher meat consumption has been associated with a higher risk in some studies.
Lower blood levels of vitamin D may increase the risk of developing prostate cancer. Folic acid supplements have no effect on the risk of developing prostate cancer.
Medication exposure (दवा अनावरण)
There are also some links between prostate cancer and medications, medical procedures, and medical conditions. Use of the cholesterol-lowering medications known as statins may also decrease prostate cancer risk.
Infection or inflammation of the prostate (prostatitis) may increase the chance for prostate cancer while another study shows infection may help prevent prostate cancer by increasing blood flow to the area. In particular, infection with the sexually transmitted infections chlamydia, gonorrhea, or syphilis seems to increase risk.
Research released in May 2007 found that US war veterans who had been exposed to Agent Orange had a 48% increased risk of prostate cancer recurrence following surgery.
Although there is some evidence from prospective cohort studies that frequent ejaculation may reduce prostate cancer risk, there are no results from randomized controlled trials concluding that this benefit exists. There is an association between vasectomy and prostate cancer, but more research is needed to determine if this is a causal relationship.
Prostate cancer Diagnosis (प्रोस्टेट कैंसर का निदान)
The American Cancer Society’s position regarding early detection by PSA testing is “Research has not yet proven that the potential benefits of testing outweigh the harms of testing and treatment. It believes that men should not be tested without learning about what we know and don’t know about the risks and possible benefits of testing and treatment.”
There are also several other tests that can be used to gather more information about the prostate and the urinary tract. Digital rectal examination (DRE) may allow a doctor to detect prostate abnormalities. The only test that can fully confirm the diagnosis of prostate cancer is a biopsy, the removal of small pieces of the prostate for microscopic examination.
Ultrasound (US) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are the two main imaging methods used for prostate cancer detection. Prostate MRI has better soft tissue resolution than ultrasound.
MRI in those who are at low risk might help people choose active surveillance, in those who are at intermediate risk it may help with determining the stage of the disease, while in those who are at high risk it might help find bone disease.
Biopsy (जीवित ऊतकों की जांच)
If cancer is suspected, a biopsy is offered expediently. During a biopsy, a urologist or radiologist obtains tissue samples from the prostate via the rectum. A biopsy gun inserts and removes special hollow-core needles in less than a second. Prostate biopsies are routinely done on an outpatient basis and rarely require hospitalization.
Antibiotics should be used to prevent complications like fever, urinary tract infections, and sepsis even if the most appropriate course or a dose of the antibiotic is still undefined. Fifty-five percent of men report discomfort during prostate biopsy.
Prostate cancer Stages (प्रोस्टेट कैंसर के चरण)
An important part of evaluating prostate cancer is determining the stage, or how far cancer has spread. Knowing the stage helps define prognosis and is useful when selecting therapies. The most common system is the four-stage TNM system (abbreviated from Tumor/Nodes/Metastases). Its components include the size of the tumor, the number of involved lymph nodes, and the presence of any other metastases.
The most important distinction made by any staging system is whether or not the cancer is still confined to the prostate. In the TNM system, clinical T1 and T2 cancers are found only in the prostate, while T3 and T4 cancers have spread elsewhere. Several tests can be used to look for evidence of spread. Medical specialty professional organizations recommend against the use of PET scans, CT scans, or bone scans when a physician stages early prostate cancer with low risk for metastasis.
After a prostate biopsy, a pathologist looks at the samples under a microscope. If cancer is present, the pathologist reports the grade of the tumor. The grade tells how much the tumor tissue differs from normal prostate tissue and suggests how fast the tumor is likely to grow.
Prostate cancer Prevention (प्रोस्टेट कैंसर की रोकथाम)
Diet and lifestyle (आहार और जीवन शैली)
The data on the relationship between diet and prostate cancer is poor. In light of this, the rate of prostate cancer is linked to the consumption of the Western diet. There is little if any evidence to support an association between trans fat, saturated fat, and carbohydrate intake and risk of prostate cancer.
Consuming fish may lower this dangerous cancer death but does not appear to affect its occurrence. Some evidence supports lower rates with a vegetarian diet. There is some tentative evidence for foods containing lycopene and selenium. Diets rich in cruciferous vegetables, soy, beans, and other legumes may be associated with a lower risk of prostate cancer, especially more advanced cancers.
Men who get regular exercise may have a slightly lower risk, especially vigorous activity and the risk of advanced prostate cancer.
In those who are being regularly screened, 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors reduce the overall risk of being diagnosed with prostate cancer, but there are insufficient data to determine if they have an effect on the risk of death and they may increase the chance of more serious cases.
Prostate cancer Hormone therapy (प्रोस्टेट कैंसर हार्मोन थेरेपी)
Hormone therapy is also called Androgen Deprivation Therapy (ADT) or Androgen Suppression Therapy (AST). The goal is to reduce levels of male hormones, called androgens, in the body, or to stop them from affecting prostate cancer cells.
Androgens stimulate these cancer cells to grow. The main androgens in the body are testosterone and dihydrotestosterone (DHT). Most of the androgens are made by the testicles, but the adrenal glands (glands that sit above your kidneys) also make a small amount. Lowering androgen levels or stopping them from getting into these cancer cells often makes it shrink or grow more slowly for a time. But hormone therapy alone does not cure this cancer.
Hormone therapy may be used:
- If cancer has spread too far to be cured by surgery or radiation, or if you can’t have these treatments for some other reason
- If cancer remains or comes back after treatment with surgery or radiation therapy
- Along with radiation therapy as initial treatment if you are at higher risk of cancer coming back after treatment (based on a high Gleason score, high PSA level, and/or growth of cancer outside the prostate)
- Before radiation to try to shrink cancer to make treatment more effective
Prostate cancer Life expectancy (प्रोस्टेट कैंसर जीवन प्रत्याशा)
Life expectancy projections are averages for an entire male population, and many medical and lifestyle factors modify these numbers. For example, studies have shown that a 40-year-old man will lose 3.1 years of life if he is overweight (BMI 25–29) and 5.8 years of life if he is obese (BMI 30 or more), compared to men of normal weight. If he is both overweight and a smoker, he will lose 6.7 years, and if obese and a smoker, he will lose 13.7 years.
Prostate Cancer & Free Siddha Energy Remedies (प्रोस्टेट कैंसर और नि:शुल्क सिद्ध ऊर्जा उपचार)
Siddha energy remedies to be applied from day one of the prostate cancer confirmed. The following suggested and tested remedies by applied as a regular activity. If a person is trained in Swami Hardas Life System, he/she knows everything about what is called UAM and should apply regularly over the eyes, which would help solve the problem as well as avoid complications also. However, those, who are not trained should apply the remedies which include: